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Author: Borus, Michael E.
Resulting in 19 citations.
1. Borus, Michael E.
An Inventory of Longitudinal Data Sets of Interest to Economists
Review of Public Data Use 10, 1-2 (May 1982): 113-126
Cohort(s): NLS General
Publisher: U.S. Department of Commerce
Keyword(s): Labor Market Surveys; Longitudinal Data Sets; Research Methodology

Economists' use of longitudinal data sets has grown markedly. Many are unaware, however, of the broad range of information that is available. This article presents details on many of these data sets.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. "An Inventory of Longitudinal Data Sets of Interest to Economists." Review of Public Data Use 10, 1-2 (May 1982): 113-126.
2. Borus, Michael E.
Tomorrow's Workers
Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1983
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
Keyword(s): Discrimination, Racial/Ethnic; Discrimination, Sex; Dropouts; Job Search; Occupational Aspirations; Part-Time Work; Vocational Education; Work Attitudes; Work Knowledge

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The first chapter provides an overview of the youth population and its employment status. The next chapter describes those who are already working, including the kinds of jobs they have, their attitudes toward those jobs, and the determinants of their pay. Chapter three focuses on youths who are seeking employment, their methods of job search, their wage expectations and the limitations and barriers they must overcome. Because a major determinant of employment success is education and training, chapter four enlarges on the experiences of the young people in school and in a variety of training programs. The fifth chapter focuses on another set of crucial determinants of success in the work force-the hopes, plans, and expectations of the youths themselves. The final chapter summarizes the findings of the earlier chapters and draws implications for public policy.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. Tomorrow's Workers. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1983.
3. Borus, Michael E.
Willingness to Work Among Youth
Journal of Human Resources 17,4 (Fall 1982): 581-593.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145616
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Keyword(s): Employment; Employment, Youth; Minimum Wage; Socioeconomic Status (SES); Wages; Wages, Reservation; Work Attitudes

Considerable discussion has centered around the hypothesis that high rates of unemployment among black and other minority youth may result from a reluctance for such young people to accept menial employment. To test this, the l979 NLSY questioned young men and women aged 14- 22 about their willingness to accept full-time employment in each of seven occupations at varying rates of pay. Previous research was contradicted by findings that black youth are more willing than their white counterparts to accept employment. Some sex stereotyping was found in occupational preferences and many youths stated that they would be willing to work for less than the existing minimum wage.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. "Willingness to Work Among Youth." Journal of Human Resources 17,4 (Fall 1982): 581-593.
4. Borus, Michael E.
Youth and the Labor Market: Analyses from the National Longitudinal Survey
Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1984
Cohort(s): NLSY79, Young Men
Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Keyword(s): Delinquency/Gang Activity; Dropouts; Educational Attainment; Educational Returns; Employment, In-School; Employment, Youth; Family Background and Culture; Transition, School to Work; Unemployment, Youth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Data from the first three surveys (1979, 1980, 1981) of the NLSY are analyzed. Chapters focus on employment-related questions as the youth make the school-to-work transition: changes in employment patterns of black and white young men, educational choices, public and private school differences, economic returns to vocational education, time-use behavior, and the relationship between delinquency and employment. Major findings are that hard-core unemployed youth tended to be older than others, more likely to have participated in training, to be married, to have children, and to live in a central city of an SMSA where there is a high unemployment rate. Jobs tended to be sex-stereotyped, with young women in clerical, service, and sales. A comparison of data from the NLS young men's cohort shows that black employment declined over the 1970s, apparently due to lengthy joblessness among a growing subsample of the black population, whereas the slight decline among whites appears to be due to higher job turnover. Poverty and unemployment increase the probability of dropping out of school, and pregnancy is the major cause for young women. Comparisons between private and public schools show that enrollment in a college preparatory curriculum, not the type of school, is crucial in determining achievement scores. Males and dropouts were more likely to engage in illegal activities: race and poverty status do not correlate significantly with illegal behavior.

Contents
1. Introduction and Summary, by Michael E. Borus
2. A Description of Employed and Unemployed Youth in 1981, by Michael E. Borus
3. Changes Over the 1970s in the Employment Patterns of Black and White Young Men, by Tom K. Pollard
4. Choices in Education, by Michael E. Borus and Susan A. Carpenter
5. Quantity of Learning and Quality of Life for Public and Private High School Youth, by William R. Morgan
6. The Economic Value of Academic and Vocational Training Acquired in High School, by Russell W. Rumberger and Thomas N. Daymont
7. The Time-Use Behavior of Young Adults, by Ronald D'Amico
8. Delinquency and Employment, by Joan E. Crowley

Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. Youth and the Labor Market: Analyses from the National Longitudinal Survey. Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1984.
5. Borus, Michael E.
Carpenter, Susan A.
A Note on the Return of Dropouts to High School
Youth and Society 14,4 (June 1983): 501-507.
Also: http://yas.sagepub.com/content/14/4/501
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Educational Costs; High School; High School Dropouts; Teenagers

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

High school age dropouts who return to school each year are studied to test the hypothesis that the same variables leading to dropping out of school influence the decision to return to school. Findings show that older youth and those unable to specify their curriculum were less likely to return, and that young people expecting to attend college, as well as those who were never married, were more likely to return. In addition, youth living in countries where local government expenditures per student were over $975 were more likely to return than youth from countries where less was spent on schools. These findings contrast sharply with the many significant factors found affecting dropping out of school. Only age, intention not to attend college, and not being able to specify a curriculum were significant variables. They were positively related to dropping out and negatively related to returning to school. These findings suggest that the return to school decision is in many respects a random individual event.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. and Susan A. Carpenter. "A Note on the Return of Dropouts to High School." Youth and Society 14,4 (June 1983): 501-507.
6. Borus, Michael E.
Carpenter, Susan A.
Crowley, Joan E.
Daymont, Thomas N.
Kim, Choongsoo
Pollard, Tom K.
Rumberger, Russell W.
Santos, Richard
Pathways to the Future, Volume II: A Final Report on the National Survey of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1980
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1982
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Blue-Collar Jobs; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Dropouts; Marital Status; Teenagers; Unemployment; Vocational Education; Wages, Reservation

This is the final report on the 1980 data from the NLSY derived from interviews with 12,141 young people, age 15- 23. Topics examined include: SANTOS -- Chapter 1, the variables affecting the employment prospects of unemployed youth; POLLARD -- Chapter 2, the changes in employment patterns of black and white young men in the decade of the 1970s; KIM -- Chapter 3, the changing patterns in wage and reservation wage differentials for black and white young men during the 1970s; BORUS & CARPENTER -- Chapter 4, the variables affecting the decision to drop out of school without finishing the 12th grade, the decision to return to school after having dropped out, and the decision to go directly to college after completing the 12th grade; RUMBERGER & DAYMONT -- Chapter 5, the effects of high school curriculum on labor market success; and CROWLEY -- Chapter 6, the relationship between delinquency and employment status.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Susan A. Carpenter, Joan E. Crowley, Thomas N. Daymont, Choongsoo Kim, Tom K. Pollard, Russell W. Rumberger and Richard Santos. Pathways to the Future, Volume II: A Final Report on the National Survey of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1980. Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1982.
7. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
D'Amico, Ronald
Hills, Stephen M.
Morgan, William R.
Pathways to the Future, Volume III: A Final Report on the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1981
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1983
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Behavioral Problems; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Educational Aspirations/Expectations; Employment; Job Patterns; Job Training; Private Schools

This report is based on data from the 1979, 1980 and 1981 interviews of the NLSY. Four analytical chapters comprise the volume: HILLS & CROWLEY -- Chapter 1, characteristics that increase job satisfaction among youth are discussed and compared with those of slightly older men and women. CROWLEY -- Chapter 2, the relationship between crime and employment is examined, using a model that combines economic and sociological approaches. D'AMICO -- Chapter 3, examines the effects of two determinants of educational aspirations and delinquent behavior: high school students' participation in their school's informal social system and their expression of positive feelings toward their schools. MORGAN -- Chapter 4, compares the quality of education in public versus private schools.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Ronald D'Amico, Stephen M. Hills and William R. Morgan. "Pathways to the Future, Volume III: A Final Report on the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1981." Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1983.
8. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
D'Amico, Ronald
Pollard, Tom K.
Santos, Richard
Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans: Preliminary Report on the 1981 Survey
Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1982
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Educational Aspirations/Expectations; Employment; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Patterns; Job Training

This is a preliminary report based on the 1981 interview of the NLSY, a nationally representative sample of 11,340 young men and women, ages 16 to 24. Topics examined include: BORUS -- Chapter 1, an overview of the characteristics of the civilian youth population; SANTOS -- Chapter 2, employment status of youth by sex, race, age and health status; POLLARD -- Chapter 3, the differences between males and females in growth in earnings between the first job and the job held in 1981; CROWLEY -- Chapter 4, changes in government employment and training programs from FY 1979 to FY 1980; and D'AMICO -- Chapter 5, the ways in which adolescents spend their time.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Ronald D'Amico, Tom K. Pollard and Richard Santos. Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans: Preliminary Report on the 1981 Survey. Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1982.
9. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
Kim, Choongsoo
Pollard, Tom K.
Rumberger, Russell W.
Santos, Richard
Shapiro, David
Pathways to the Future: A Report on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1979
Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1981
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): College Education; Discrimination, Age; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; High School; Job Aspirations; Job Search; Schooling; Teenagers; Vocational Education; Work Attitudes; Youth Services

The report is the first on a nationally representative sample of young people who were ages 14 to 21 on December 31, 1978. It is a descriptive presentation of the status of youth in the spring of 1979--their position and problems in the labor market; their reactions to school and the factors influencing their schooling decisions; their training, both the government sponsored and other vocational training which they receive; their health status; and their attitudes, both towards their present situations and the future. Eleven additional chapters define topics on labor force participation and employment status of the youth for the week in which they were interviewed in 1979; examine the employment conditions for those youth who were employed at the time of the survey; present the work experience of the youth for the preceding year, 1978, and analyze the determinants of weeks worked and unemployed during the year; discuss job search motives and techniques of youth and their willingness to accept specific jobs at various wages; study the attitudes of young people toward high school, its programs, and their reasons for not completing school or for attending college; examines participants in government sponsored training programs, the types of services received, and their attitudes toward these programs; deal with the post-high school training provided outside of regular schools, government programs, and the military; study the health status of young people at the time they were interviewed; detail the extend of age, race, sex discrimination felt by young people as well as their perception of the difficulties they have in the labor market; examine the educational, occupational, and fertility aspirations of the young people and their desire for further training; and present a summary of the major findings.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Choongsoo Kim, Tom K. Pollard, Russell W. Rumberger, Richard Santos and David Shapiro. Pathways to the Future: A Report on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Labor Market Experience in 1979. Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1981.
10. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
Pollard, Tom K.
Santos, Richard
Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans: Preliminary Report on the 1980 Survey
Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1981
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Behavioral Problems; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Dropouts; High School; Job Training; Teenagers; Unemployment; Work Attitudes; Youth Services

This cross-tabular report contains preliminary studies of the second wave of data from the NLSY. BORUS -- Chapter 1 is an introduction and overview of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the youth who were 15-23 years old. SANTOS -- Chapter 2 discusses the employment and unemployment status of the youth population at the time of the interview. Information is presented on the labor force participation and unemployment rates of segments of the population, the job search activities of the unemployed, and the nature of the employment of those who are working. POLLARD -- Chapter 3 examines the employment history of the young people during the preceding year including the number of weeks worked and job turnover. Participation in government employment and training programs is the subject of CROWLEY -- Chapter 4 presents the characteristics of participants in these programs, the types of services they receive, and their reaction to the programs. BORUS -- Chapter 5 considers the education and schooling of the youth; particular attention is paid to the decisions to drop out of high school, to return to high school, to graduate from high school, and to go on to college. CROWLEY -- Chapter Six analyzes delinquent behavior by this age group and their contacts with law enforcement agencies. The analysis describes those who engage in various types of delinquent behavior and the frequency of such behavior.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Tom K. Pollard and Richard Santos. Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans: Preliminary Report on the 1980 Survey. Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1981.
11. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
Rumberger, Russell W.
Santos, Richard
Research on Youth Employment and Employability Development: Findings of the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Americans, 1979
Youth Knowledge Development Report 2,7. Washington DC: US GPO, 1980.
Also: Pathways to the Future - Preliminary Report: Youth and the Labor Market - 1979
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Behavior; Dropouts; Educational Aspirations/Expectations; Employment; Fertility; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Search; Vocational Education; Work Attitudes

This report presents preliminary cross-tabular analyses of the 1979 NLSY data. A nationally representative sample of 12,693 youth age 14-22 were interviewed for the first time in that year. Topics covered include: descriptions of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the youth, their employment status, their work experience during the preceding year, participation in government employment and training programs, job search behavior, perceptions of barriers to employment, health status, attitudes and expectations, and schooling experience.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Russell W. Rumberger and Richard Santos. Research on Youth Employment and Employability Development: Findings of the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Americans, 1979. Youth Knowledge Development Report 2,7. Washington DC: US GPO, 1980..
12. Borus, Michael E.
Crowley, Joan E.
Rumberger, Russell W.
Santos, Richard
Shapiro, David
Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans. Preliminary Report: Youth and the Labor Market - 1979
Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1980
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Attitudes; Discrimination; Discrimination, Job; Educational Aspirations/Expectations; Employment, Youth; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Search; Job Training; Job Turnover; Unemployment, Youth

This is the first report on a nationally representative sample of the 32.9 million civilian young people who were ages 14-21 on January 1, 1979. This first survey shows that young Americans are very much interested in work; more than half of these young persons were either working or looking for work. Many young persons carry both school and work responsibilities. Race and sex discrimination in the labor market continued to cause problems for youth. Minorities had equal aspirations for education, were more willing to work, and were seeking employment as conscientiously as white youth. The difference appeared to be that employers discounted their contribution as employees because of their race or ethnic background. Many young persons drop out of school and begin immediately to have employment problems. About 2.6 million young men and women had participated in government training programs between the first day of 1978 and their interview date in 1979. In this report further details are provided about the employment and unemployment status of these young persons, their reactions to school, their assessment of Federal Government training programs, their vocational training, their attitudes toward work and their aspirations and expectations for the future.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Joan E. Crowley, Russell W. Rumberger, Richard Santos and David Shapiro. Pathways to the Future: A Longitudinal Study of Young Americans. Preliminary Report: Youth and the Labor Market - 1979. Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1980.
13. Borus, Michael E.
Kim, Choongsoo
Johnson, Kyle
Policy Findings Related to Military Service from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience
Arlington, VA: Defense Manpower Data Center, 1985
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Defense
Keyword(s): Employment, Youth; Military Enlistment; Military Service; Wage Theory; Wages

Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Choongsoo Kim and Kyle Johnson. Policy Findings Related to Military Service from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience. Arlington, VA: Defense Manpower Data Center, 1985.
14. Borus, Michael E.
Mott, Frank L.
Nestel, Gilbert
Counting Youth: A Comparison of Youth Labor Force Statistics in the Current Population Survey and the National Longitudinal Surveys
Report, Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1978
Cohort(s): Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Current Population Survey (CPS) / CPS-Fertility Supplement; Part-Time Work; Research Methodology; Unemployment; Unemployment, Youth

This report focuses on the accuracy of employment- related measures in the (CPS) Current Population Survey by comparing those estimates with NLS estimates. The results indicate that NLS data report: (1) considerably higher labor force participation among young men and women, especially those who attend school; (2) significantly higher unemployment rates for young women and approximately the same rates for young men; (3) more unemployed seeking part-time employment; (4) higher levels of unemployment; and (5) youth who are employed were more likely to work either part time or overtime depending on their age.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Frank L. Mott and Gilbert Nestel. "Counting Youth: A Comparison of Youth Labor Force Statistics in the Current Population Survey and the National Longitudinal Surveys." Report, Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1978.
15. Borus, Michael E.
Nestel, Gilbert
Response Bias in Reports of Father's Education and Socioeconomic Status
Journal of the American Statistical Association 68,344 (December 1973): 816-820.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2284505
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: American Statistical Association
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Family Influences; Fathers, Influence; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

This article compares independent interview responses of fathers and their sons to questions about the educational attainment and occupational status of the father. There is a high degree of congruence between the son's and father's estimates of both measures. When, however, reporting differences are regressed on various demographic characteristics reported by the son, the responses of youths with certain characteristics are found to deviate significantly from their fathers.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. and Gilbert Nestel. "Response Bias in Reports of Father's Education and Socioeconomic Status." Journal of the American Statistical Association 68,344 (December 1973): 816-820.
16. Borus, Michael E.
Parnes, Herbert S.
Sandell, Steven H.
Seidman, Bert
Older Worker
Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1988
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Gender Differences; Government Regulation; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Labor Force Participation; Legislation; Pensions; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This compendium reviews the current state of knowledge about the status, characteristics, and problems of older workers. Drawing upon research from a variety of data sources including the NLS, articles in this book detail the labor market characteristics of older workers, the particular dilemmas facing older women workers, the impact of age and health on job performance, factors impacting the decision to retire, and the challenges to our nation in maintaining an active, well trained older work force.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Herbert S. Parnes, Steven H. Sandell and Bert Seidman. Older Worker. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1988.
17. Borus, Michael E.
Wolpin, Kenneth I.
The National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience: Past and Future Uses to Study Labor Market Policy Questions
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 4 (1984): 428-438
Cohort(s): NLS General, NLSY79
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot GmbH
Keyword(s): Earnings; Labor Market Surveys; Labor Supply; Life Cycle Research; Longitudinal Data Sets; Longitudinal Surveys; NLS Description; Unemployment; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The authors discuss past and possible future uses of the NLS panels with particular attention to the implications of NLS-based research for policy-making. The NLS consists of five separate longitudinal data-bases covering distinct segments of the labor force, each cohort being selected as representative of a period in the life-cycle when people are likely to undergo a particular labor market transition. The value of the longitudinal nature of this data is emphasized in discussions of accumulated research on labor supply, unemployment, and wage and earnings differentials. Future research uses for all five cohorts are outlined with emphasis on dynamic modeling and the redefining of research problems as a result of recent changes in socioeconomic conditions. A discussion of the history and institutional context of the NLS is included, as is a description of the data and tapes. Appended tables display survey years and type of interview for each panel, as well as NLSY cohort variables and a summary of research questions explored to date using NLS data.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E. and Kenneth I. Wolpin. "The National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience: Past and Future Uses to Study Labor Market Policy Questions." Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 4 (1984): 428-438.
18. Kim, Choongsoo
Borus, Michael E.
Johnson, Kyle
Policy Findings Related to Military Service from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience
Working Paper, Defense Manpower Data Center, U.S. Department of Defense, Arlington VA, 1985
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Defense
Keyword(s): All-Volunteer Force (AVF); Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Military Enlistment; Military Recruitment; Military Service; Training, Occupational

This report summarizes a briefing given on October 21, 1982, from the military portion of the NLSY presented to the Manpower Research and Department Planning Committee of the Office of Naval Research given by Michael E. Borus and Choongsoo Kim of The Ohio State University Center for Human Resource Research. Several findings with policy implications arise from the analysis. The All-Volunteer Force has been successful in attracting able young people, particularly from among minorities. The desire for occupational training is a major factor associated with enlistment among white men. While men in the service were more likely to be married, marriage seemed to increase reenlistment intentions among men and decrease them among women. Those young people with higher educational aspirations were more likely to enlist, implying that both in-service and post-service educational benefits may be an aid to recruitment.
Bibliography Citation
Kim, Choongsoo, Michael E. Borus and Kyle Johnson. "Policy Findings Related to Military Service from the Youth Cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience." Working Paper, Defense Manpower Data Center, U.S. Department of Defense, Arlington VA, 1985.
19. Kim, Choongsoo
Nestel, Gilbert
Phillips, Robert L.
Borus, Michael E.
The All-Volunteer Force: An Analysis of Youth Participation, Attrition, and Reenlistment
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1980
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): All-Volunteer Force (AVF); Military Enlistment; Military Recruitment; Military Service; Veterans

This report presents preliminary cross-tabular analyses of the first round of the NLSY79. The characteristics of youth who were serving in the All-Volunteer Force (AVF), the quality of their military employment experiences, and their intentions to reenlist are discussed. The post-service status of former enlistees is also explored. Youth who had never served provide a reference group for these analyses. The final chapter profiles the never-served youth with strong incentives to enlist. Separate analyses for males and females and for the different racial groups are provided and differences noted when significant. Despite the fact the Armed Forces are a "volunteer" force, presumably competing in the labor market and paying competitive wages and salaries, it is clear that the employment opportunities offered by the services are dramatically affected by public policy decisions. As a generalization, minorities and females have a better relative chance in the military than outside as judged by preferences for enlistment and the patterns of retention of these within the services. If market forces were allowed to prevail, there is no doubt that the percentage of blacks in the military would increase. The "black" share is reduced by "rationing" so that relatively more qualified blacks are hired. Similarly, opportunities within the military are arbitrarily restricted so that women have to meet higher standards to enter than do men.
Bibliography Citation
Kim, Choongsoo, Gilbert Nestel, Robert L. Phillips and Michael E. Borus. "The All-Volunteer Force: An Analysis of Youth Participation, Attrition, and Reenlistment." Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1980.