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Author: Adams, Arvil Van
Resulting in 9 citations.
1. Adams, Arvil Van
Lessons from the National Longitudinal Surveys: A Commentary
Special Report 7, Current Issues in the Relationship Between Manpower and Policy, National Commission for Manpower Policy, 1976
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Manpower Research; Research Methodology

The author comments on the paper by H.S. Parnes, "The National Longitudinal Surveys: Lessons for Human Resource Policy," presented to the National Commission for Manpower Policy. He also considers the following questions: What have been the unique insights into labor market behavior gained from the use of longitudinal data and what are the policy implications thereof? What are some of the remaining gaps in our knowledge of labor market behavior and of what value will longitudinal research with NLS data be in closing these gaps?
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van. "Lessons from the National Longitudinal Surveys: A Commentary." Special Report 7, Current Issues in the Relationship Between Manpower and Policy, National Commission for Manpower Policy, 1976.
2. Adams, Arvil Van
The Stock of Human Capital and Differences in Post-School Formal Occupational Training for Middle-Aged Men
Southern Economic Journal 44,4 (April 1978): 929-936.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1057739
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Southern Economic Association
Keyword(s): Apprenticeships; Earnings; Evaluations; Human Capital Theory; Industrial Training; Manpower Programs; Schooling, Post-secondary; Training, Occupational; Training, Post-School; Vocational Guidance

This study examines the extent of post-school occupational training among middle-aged men. White men were almost two times more likely than black men to participate in formal occupational training. However, these differences disappear when racial variations in personal characteristics and differences in prior training are controlled. The author argues for public policy intervention to offset the earlier disadvantage of blacks.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van. "The Stock of Human Capital and Differences in Post-School Formal Occupational Training for Middle-Aged Men." Southern Economic Journal 44,4 (April 1978): 929-936.
3. Adams, Arvil Van
Goldstein, Harold
Harrell, Adele
Mangum, Stephen L.
The Neglected Source of Human Wealth: A Study of Formal Education and Training During the Adult Years
Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1982
Cohort(s): Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Education, Adult; Educational Costs; Labor Market Outcomes; Life Cycle Research; Schooling, Post-secondary; Training, Post-School

This study describes the participants and institutions involved in adult education and training. It examines labor market outcomes and explores the economic and social factors influencing participation in these forms of education and training. Those who benefit most from adult education and training are those involved in company- based programs: white-collar, managerial, professional and technical workers; and participants in short and moderate-term programs. Most important is the cumulative nature of knowledge and skill development over the life cycle. Early advantages leading to knowledge and skill development during childhood and adolescence are found to be perpetuated in the adult years with important implications for social stratification.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van, Harold Goldstein, Adele Harrell and Stephen L. Mangum. "The Neglected Source of Human Wealth: A Study of Formal Education and Training During the Adult Years." Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1982.
4. Adams, Arvil Van
Mangum, Garth L.
Lingering Crisis Of Youth Unemployment
Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1978
Cohort(s): Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Keyword(s): Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA); Earnings; Educational Attainment; Transition, School to Work; Unemployment, Youth; Vietnam War; Vocational Training

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In this reassessment of the youth unemployment problem, the authors have sought to establish the dimensions of youth unemployment and its underlying causes and consequences, to determine the priorities that should be attached to the problem, and to suggest policies that would lead to its solution. Among the most significant findings are: (1) joblessness among out-of-school teenage youth carries with it a "hangover" effect. Those who have unfavorable early labor market experiences are less likely than others to have favorable subsequent experiences, education and other background characteristics held constant; and (2) education and training have a significant positive effect upon the employment and earnings of youth by race and sex.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van and Garth L. Mangum. Lingering Crisis Of Youth Unemployment. Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1978.
5. Adams, Arvil Van
Mangum, Stephen L.
Wirtz, Philip W.
Human Capital Development through Postschool Education and Training: A Model of Men's Participation
Presented: Washington, DC, Association of Public Analysis and Management Meeting, October 1981
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM)
Keyword(s): Continuing Education; Human Capital Theory; Job Training; Life Cycle Research

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This is an examination of the economic and social forces influencing participation in various forms of postschool education and training. The study focuses on early human capital development and its influence on the cost and incentives for subsequent development in the adult working years. The results point to the cumulative nature of knowledge and skill development over the lifecycle with some important implications for efforts to reduce economic and social inequalities for blacks and whites.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van, Stephen L. Mangum and Philip W. Wirtz. "Human Capital Development through Postschool Education and Training: A Model of Men's Participation." Presented: Washington, DC, Association of Public Analysis and Management Meeting, October 1981.
6. Adams, Arvil Van
Mangum, Stephen L.
Wirtz, Philip W.
Postschool Education and Training: Accessible to All?
Review of Black Political Economy 15,3 (Winter 1987): 68-86.
Also: http://www.springerlink.com/content/j6769670085w85h2/
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: National Economic Association
Keyword(s): Education; Life Cycle Research; Racial Differences; Schooling, Post-secondary; Training, Post-School; Unemployment Rate, Regional

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article examines knowledge and skill development during early adulthood when the individual has severed ties with formal education and entered the world of work. Focusing on the Young Men's cohort, the paper examines the economic and social forces influencing participation in various forms of postschool education and training. A recursive model is used to explore skill development patterns over the lifecycle. Attention is focused on the role of early human capital development and its influence on the cost and incentives for subsequent skill development in the adult working years. The findings point to the cumulative nature of skill development over the lifecycle with some important implications for efforts to reduce economic and social inequalities for blacks and whites.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van, Stephen L. Mangum and Philip W. Wirtz. "Postschool Education and Training: Accessible to All?" Review of Black Political Economy 15,3 (Winter 1987): 68-86.
7. Adams, Arvil Van
Nestel, Gilbert
Interregional Migration, Education and Poverty in the Urban Ghetto: Another Look at Black-White Earnings Differentials
Review of Economics and Statistics 58,2 (May 1976): 156-166.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1924021
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Keyword(s): Earnings; Educational Returns; Inner-City; Migration; Poverty; Racial Differences; Regions; Urbanization/Urban Living; Work Attitudes

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The authors argue that few of the problems facing blacks in the non-South can be directly related to their migration from the South or to inferior Southern black schools. The non-Southern ghetto appears to be more harmful than a rural Southern origin. In this environment, young black males adopt attitudes toward school and work which appear to perpetuate their disadvantaged economic status. Investment in quality education, South and non-South, new jobs and attention to defects in the market system are important to further economic progress for blacks. Available through JSTOR.
Bibliography Citation
Adams, Arvil Van and Gilbert Nestel. "Interregional Migration, Education and Poverty in the Urban Ghetto: Another Look at Black-White Earnings Differentials." Review of Economics and Statistics 58,2 (May 1976): 156-166.
8. Mangum, Stephen L.
Adams, Arvil Van
Labor Market Impacts of Post-school Occupational Training for Young Men
Growth and Change 18,4 (Fall 1987): 57-73
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Educational Returns; Job Training; Racial Differences; Schooling, Post-secondary; Training, Occupational; Training, Post-School

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The period 1966 to 1976 was a decade of change, contrast, and challenge. In this article, a model contrasting the labor market experience of young men who participated in post-school occupational training during this period with those young men who did not participate is developed and then estimated using data from the NLS of Young Men. Participation in post-school forms of occupational training is identified as a significant contributor to individual labor market success during the period and racial differences in returns to training are highlighted. The results prompt questions concerning the direction of current federal training policies for the disadvantaged.
Bibliography Citation
Mangum, Stephen L. and Arvil Van Adams. "Labor Market Impacts of Post-school Occupational Training for Young Men." Growth and Change 18,4 (Fall 1987): 57-73.
9. Parnes, Herbert S.
Adams, Arvil Van
Andrisani, Paul J.
Kohen, Andrew I.
Nestel, Gilbert
Pre-Retirement Years, Volume 4: Five Years in the Work Lives of Middle-Aged Men
Manpower Research Monograph 15, Volume 4. Washington DC: US GPO, 1975
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Behavior; Earnings; Employment; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Household Income; Job Training; Locus of Control (see Rotter Scale); Mobility, Job; Retirement; Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control)

A unique set of longitudinal data collected by personal interviews with the same sample of men in 1966, 1967, 1969, and 1971 provides information on a number of facets of the labor market experience and behavior of middle- aged men. Since the data contain a complete record of the labor market activity of the men over a five-year period, both the antecedents and consequences of particular events and courses of action can be examined. Moreover, the five years in question are an unusually interesting half decade, for they should reflect whatever short-run impact the civil rights movement has had upon the relative employment status of middle-aged black men. Also, these years include a three-year span in which the labor market was relatively tight and improving (1966- 1969) as well as a two-year period during which unemployment rose considerably (1969-1971). The fact that changes between 1967 and 1969 can be compared with those between 1969 and 1971 for the same group of individuals permits one to analyze the effect of a change in the economic environment on the labor market experience of the men under consideration.
Bibliography Citation
Parnes, Herbert S., Arvil Van Adams, Paul J. Andrisani, Andrew I. Kohen and Gilbert Nestel. Pre-Retirement Years, Volume 4: Five Years in the Work Lives of Middle-Aged Men. Manpower Research Monograph 15, Volume 4. Washington DC: US GPO, 1975.