Search Results

Author: Yen, Irene H.
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Cohen, Alison K.
Nussbaum, Juliet
Weintraub, Miranda L. Ritterman
Nichols, Chloe R.
Yen, Irene H.
Association of Adult Depression With Educational Attainment, Aspirations, and Expectations
Preventing Chronic Disease 17 (27 August 2020): 200098.
Also: https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2020/20_0098.htm
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Educational Aspirations/Expectations; Educational Attainment

Introduction: Social factors across one's lifespan may contribute to the relationship between low educational attainment and depression, but this relationship has been understudied. Previous studies assessing the association between educational attainment and depression did not fully account for prior common determinants across the life course and possible interactions by sex or race/ethnicity. It is also unclear whether the link between educational attainment and depression is independent of the role of aspired educational attainment or expected educational attainment.

Methods: We used generalized linear log link models to examine the association between educational attainment at age 25 and depression at age 40 in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort, adjusting for confounders and mediators from childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

Results: Members of each educational attainment group were less likely to be depressed at age 40 than those with less education. After adjusting for educational aspirations and educational expectations, the risk ratios became closer to the null. Neither sex nor race/ethnicity interacted with educational attainment. Additionally, low educational expectations in adolescence, but not low educational aspirations, was associated with a higher risk of depression at age 40.

Bibliography Citation
Cohen, Alison K., Juliet Nussbaum, Miranda L. Ritterman Weintraub, Chloe R. Nichols and Irene H. Yen. "Association of Adult Depression With Educational Attainment, Aspirations, and Expectations." Preventing Chronic Disease 17 (27 August 2020): 200098.
2. Cohen, Alison K.
Smith, Louisa H.
Ream, Robert K.
Glymour, M. Maria
Yen, Irene H.
Educational Attainment Trajectories of U.S. Adults: Sociodemographic Differences in When People Finish Their Schooling
Presented: San Antonio TX, American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, April-May 2017
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Educational Research Association
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Ethnic Differences; Household Influences; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study describes lifetime educational trajectories of members of the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth's 1979 cohort and explores differences in trajectories by race/ethnicity, sex, household circumstances, and other sociodemographic characteristics. We considered participants to have continued their education past a given age if at any time after that age their reported number of years of education increased, they reported earning a higher degree, or they were enrolled in high school or college. Two out of five people had not completed their education by age 25; one in eight had not completed by age 40. At every age after 18, Asians and whites had more education than African-Americans/blacks and Hispanics/Latinos. Causes and implications for these different trajectories are discussed.
Bibliography Citation
Cohen, Alison K., Louisa H. Smith, Robert K. Ream, M. Maria Glymour and Irene H. Yen. "Educational Attainment Trajectories of U.S. Adults: Sociodemographic Differences in When People Finish Their Schooling." Presented: San Antonio TX, American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, April-May 2017.
3. Vable, Anusha M.
Cohen, Alison K.
Leonard, Stephanie
Glymour, M. Maria
Duarte, Catherine
Yen, Irene H.
Do the Health Benefits of Education Vary by Sociodemographic Subgroup? Differential Returns to Education and Implications for Health Inequities
Annals of Epidemiology 28,11 (November 2018): 759-766.e5.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1047279718305209
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Educational Returns; Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Socioeconomic Background

Methods: Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (N=6,158) cohort data, we evaluate education attained by age 25 and mental (MCS) and physical (PCS) health component summary scores at age 50. Race/ethnicity, sex, geography, immigration status, and childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) were evaluated as effect modifiers in birth-year adjusted linear regression models.
Bibliography Citation
Vable, Anusha M., Alison K. Cohen, Stephanie Leonard, M. Maria Glymour, Catherine Duarte and Irene H. Yen. "Do the Health Benefits of Education Vary by Sociodemographic Subgroup? Differential Returns to Education and Implications for Health Inequities." Annals of Epidemiology 28,11 (November 2018): 759-766.e5.
4. Vable, Anusha M.
Duarte, Catherine
Cohen, Alison K.
Glymour, M. Maria
Ream, Robert K.
Yen, Irene H.
Does the Type and Timing of Educational Attainment Influence Physical Health? A Novel Application of Sequence Analysis
American Journal of Epidemiology published online (17 July 2020): DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwaa150.
Also: https://academic.oup.com/aje/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aje/kwaa150/5872673
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale

Nontraditional education trajectories are common, but their influence on physical health is understudied. We constructed year-by-year education trajectories for 7,501 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 participants aged 14 to 48 years (262,535 person-years of education data from 1979 to 2014). We characterized trajectory similarity using sequence analysis and used hierarchical clustering to group similar educational trajectories. Using linear regression, we predicted physical health summary scores of the participants at age 50 years from the 12-item Short-Form Survey, adjusting for available confounders, and evaluated effect modification by sex, race/ethnicity, and childhood socioeconomic status. We identified 24 unique educational sequence clusters on the basis of highest level of schooling and attendance timing.
Bibliography Citation
Vable, Anusha M., Catherine Duarte, Alison K. Cohen, M. Maria Glymour, Robert K. Ream and Irene H. Yen. "Does the Type and Timing of Educational Attainment Influence Physical Health? A Novel Application of Sequence Analysis." American Journal of Epidemiology published online (17 July 2020): DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwaa150.