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Author: Andrea, Sarah B.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Oddo, Vanessa M.
Chen Zhuan, Castiel
Andrea, Sarah B.
Eisenberg-Guyot, Jerzy
Peckham, Trevor
Jacoby, Daniel
Hajat, Anjum
Changes in Precarious Employment in the United States: A Longitudinal Analysis
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health published online (7 December 2020): DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3939.
Also: https://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3939
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health (NOROSH)
Keyword(s): Gender Differences; Occupational Information Network (O*NET); Racial Differences; Work Hours; Work, Atypical; Work, Contingent

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to measure precarious employment in the US using a multidimensional indicator.

Methods: We used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1988-2016) and the Occupational Information Network database to create a longitudinal precarious employment score (PES) among 7568 employed individuals over 18 waves (N=101 290 observations). We identified 13 survey indicators to operationalize 7 dimensions of precarious employment, which we included in our PES (range: 0-7, with 7 indicating the most precarious): material rewards, working-time arrangements, stability, workers' rights, collective organization, interpersonal relations, and training. Using generalized estimating equations, we estimated the mean PES and change over time in the PES overall and by race/ethnicity, gender, education, income, and region.

Results: On average, the PES was 3.17 [standard deviation (SD) 1.19], and was higher among women (3.34, SD 1.20), people of color (Hispanics: 3.24, SD 1.23; non-Hispanic Blacks: 3.31, SD 1.23), those with less education (primary: 3.99, SD 1.07; high school: 3.43, SD 1.19), and with lower-incomes (3.84, SD 1.08), and those residing in the South (3.23, SD 1.17). From 1988 to 2016, the PES increased by 9% on average [0.29 points; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.26-0.31]. While precarious employment increased over time across all subgroups, the increase was largest among males (0.35 points; 95% CI 0.33–0.39), higher-income (0.39 points; 95% CI 0.36-0.42) and college-educated (0.37 points; 95% CI 0.33-0.41) individuals.

Bibliography Citation
Oddo, Vanessa M., Castiel Chen Zhuan, Sarah B. Andrea, Jerzy Eisenberg-Guyot, Trevor Peckham, Daniel Jacoby and Anjum Hajat. "Changes in Precarious Employment in the United States: A Longitudinal Analysis." Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health published online (7 December 2020): DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3939.
2. Oddo, Vanessa M.
Zhuang, Castiel Chen
Dugan, Jerome A.
Andrea, Sarah B.
Hajat, Anjum
Peckham, Trevor
Jones-Smith, Jessica C.
Association between Precarious Employment and BMI in the United States
Obesity published online (21 December 2022): DOI: 10.1002/oby.23591.
Also: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/oby.23591
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Employment, Intermittent/Precarious

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: There is growing recognition that precarious employment is an important determinant of health, which may increase BMI through multiple mechanisms, including stress. It was investigated whether increases in precarious employment were associated with changes in BMI in the United States.

Methods: Data were from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth adult cohort (1996-2016) (N = 7280). Thirteen indicators were identified to operationalize seven dimensions of precarious employment (range: 0-7, 7 indicating most precarious): material rewards, working-time arrangements, stability, workers' rights, collective organization, interpersonal relationships, and training. The precarious employment-BMI association was estimated using linear regression models and an instrumental variables approach; state- and individual-level firm sizes were the instruments for precarious employment. Models also included individual and year fixed effects and controlled for age, marital status, education, region, and industry.

Results: The average precarious employment score (PES) was 3.49 (95% CI: 3.46–3.52). The PES was the highest among Hispanic (4.04; 95% CI: 3.92-4.15) and non-Hispanic Black (4.02; 95% CI: 3.92-4.12) women with lower education. A 1-point increase in the PES was associated with a 2.18-point increase in BMI (95% CI: 0.30-4.01).

Bibliography Citation
Oddo, Vanessa M., Castiel Chen Zhuang, Jerome A. Dugan, Sarah B. Andrea, Anjum Hajat, Trevor Peckham and Jessica C. Jones-Smith. "Association between Precarious Employment and BMI in the United States." Obesity published online (21 December 2022): DOI: 10.1002/oby.23591.