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Author: Chen Zhuan, Castiel
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Oddo, Vanessa M.
Chen Zhuan, Castiel
Andrea, Sarah B.
Eisenberg-Guyot, Jerzy
Peckham, Trevor
Jacoby, Daniel
Hajat, Anjum
Changes in Precarious Employment in the United States: A Longitudinal Analysis
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health published online (7 December 2020): DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3939.
Also: https://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3939
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health (NOROSH)
Keyword(s): Gender Differences; Occupational Information Network (O*NET); Racial Differences; Work Hours; Work, Atypical; Work, Contingent

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to measure precarious employment in the US using a multidimensional indicator.

Methods: We used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1988-2016) and the Occupational Information Network database to create a longitudinal precarious employment score (PES) among 7568 employed individuals over 18 waves (N=101 290 observations). We identified 13 survey indicators to operationalize 7 dimensions of precarious employment, which we included in our PES (range: 0-7, with 7 indicating the most precarious): material rewards, working-time arrangements, stability, workers' rights, collective organization, interpersonal relations, and training. Using generalized estimating equations, we estimated the mean PES and change over time in the PES overall and by race/ethnicity, gender, education, income, and region.

Results: On average, the PES was 3.17 [standard deviation (SD) 1.19], and was higher among women (3.34, SD 1.20), people of color (Hispanics: 3.24, SD 1.23; non-Hispanic Blacks: 3.31, SD 1.23), those with less education (primary: 3.99, SD 1.07; high school: 3.43, SD 1.19), and with lower-incomes (3.84, SD 1.08), and those residing in the South (3.23, SD 1.17). From 1988 to 2016, the PES increased by 9% on average [0.29 points; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.26-0.31]. While precarious employment increased over time across all subgroups, the increase was largest among males (0.35 points; 95% CI 0.33–0.39), higher-income (0.39 points; 95% CI 0.36-0.42) and college-educated (0.37 points; 95% CI 0.33-0.41) individuals.

Bibliography Citation
Oddo, Vanessa M., Castiel Chen Zhuan, Sarah B. Andrea, Jerzy Eisenberg-Guyot, Trevor Peckham, Daniel Jacoby and Anjum Hajat. "Changes in Precarious Employment in the United States: A Longitudinal Analysis." Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health published online (7 December 2020): DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3939.