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Author: Reyes, Adriana M.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Hardy, Melissa A.
Reyes, Adriana M.
The Longevity Legacy of World War II: The Intersection of GI Status and Mortality
Gerontologist 56,1 (February 2016): 104-114.
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Gerontological Society of America
Keyword(s): Military Service; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Mortality; Veterans

Purpose of the Study: We examine hypotheses involving the potential health advantages of selection into military service and the potential health disadvantages associated with the experience of military service by comparing later-life mortality rates for veterans and nonveterans as well as among veterans based on their cohort of reentry into civilian life.

Design and Methods: We use data on 3,453 men, including 1,496 veterans from the older men cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys to estimate Cox proportional hazard mortality models. We distinguish between veterans and nonveterans and further classify veterans by age at exit while incorporating measures associated with military selection, health behaviors, and socioeconomic status.

Results: Veterans who were discharged from the military at older ages have a mortality advantage relative to veterans discharged at younger ages. For the 1914-1921 birth cohorts, the mortality advantage for veterans who exited around age 30 is apparent for deaths before age 65, but rates equalize across all groups when deaths at older ages are included. These findings are robust to the inclusion of background characteristics, education, occupation, body mass index, smoking, marital status, and proxies for service deferments.

Implications: Rather than focusing on a general health effect of military service, per se, future research should distinguish among individual traits; the nature, timing, and duration of exposures relative to life course stage; and the sociohistorical context of military service to expand our understanding of the differential health consequences of military service.

Bibliography Citation
Hardy, Melissa A. and Adriana M. Reyes. "The Longevity Legacy of World War II: The Intersection of GI Status and Mortality." Gerontologist 56,1 (February 2016): 104-114.
2. Reyes, Adriana M.
Hardy, Melissa A.
Pavalko, Eliza K.
Race Differences in Linking Family Formation Transitions to Women's Mortality
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 59,2 (June 2018): 231-247.
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Age at First Marriage; Family Formation; First Birth; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Mortality; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We examine how the timing and sequencing of first marriage and childbirth are related to mortality for a cohort of 4,988 white and black women born between 1922 and 1937 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate race differences in the association between family formation transitions and mortality. Although we find no relationships between marital histories and longevity, we do find that having children, the timing of first birth, and the sequencing of childbirth and marriage are associated with mortality. White women who had children lived longer than those who had none, but the opposite was found for black women. The effects of birth timing also differed by race; delaying first birth to older ages was protective for white women but not black women. These results underscore the importance of social context in the study of life course transitions.
Bibliography Citation
Reyes, Adriana M., Melissa A. Hardy and Eliza K. Pavalko. "Race Differences in Linking Family Formation Transitions to Women's Mortality." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 59,2 (June 2018): 231-247.