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Author: Hearne, Brittany Nicole
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Christie-Mizell, C. André
Talbert, Ryan D.
Hearne, Brittany Nicole
Frazier, Cleothia G.
Hope, Ashleigh Rene
Piatt, Elizabeth E.
Gender Variation in Depressive Symptoms and Multiple Roles during the First Decade of Midlife
Presented: New York NY, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2019
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Gender Differences; Social Roles

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: This study investigated the relationship between social roles (marriage, employment, parenthood) and depressive symptoms and whether role accumulation (number of roles) versus specific role configurations (e.g., married parent) matter more for mental health by gender. Method: Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N=7,614), we estimated depressive symptoms with regression models during the first decade of midlife -- from 40 to 50 years old. Results: The relationship between role accumulation and depressive symptoms is curvilinear, with the decrease in depressive symptoms flattening at higher numbers of roles. Role configurations that include employment (e.g., married and employed) produced the lowest levels of depressive symptoms for both women and men. Discussion: Social roles were generally good for mental health at midlife, but role gains and losses were more detrimental for women. Role configurations that did not include employment (e.g., parent only) increase depressive symptoms more for men than women.
Bibliography Citation
Christie-Mizell, C. André, Ryan D. Talbert, Brittany Nicole Hearne, Cleothia G. Frazier, Ashleigh Rene Hope and Elizabeth E. Piatt. "Gender Variation in Depressive Symptoms and Multiple Roles during the First Decade of Midlife." Presented: New York NY, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2019.
2. Christie-Mizell, C. André
Talbert, Ryan D.
Hope, Ashleigh Rene
Frazier, Cleothia G.
Hearne, Brittany Nicole
Depression and African Americans in the First Decade of Midlife: The Consequences of Social Roles and Gender
Journal of the National Medical Association 111,3 (June 2019): 285-295.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002796841830316X
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Black Studies; Depression (see also CESD); Employment; Marital Status; Parenthood

Objective: This study examined gender differences in how three social roles -- marriage, parenthood, and employment -- impact depressive symptoms and clinically significant depression for African Americans in the first decade of midlife, from 40 to 50 years old. Specifically, we sought to understand the associations between roles configurations (e.g., married parent versus employed only) and depressed mood as well as diagnosable depression.
Bibliography Citation
Christie-Mizell, C. André, Ryan D. Talbert, Ashleigh Rene Hope, Cleothia G. Frazier and Brittany Nicole Hearne. "Depression and African Americans in the First Decade of Midlife: The Consequences of Social Roles and Gender." Journal of the National Medical Association 111,3 (June 2019): 285-295.
3. Hearne, Brittany Nicole
The Effect of Parenting Styles and Depressive Symptoms on Young Adult's Educational Attainment
M.A. Thesis, Department of Sociology, Vanderbilt University, 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Vanderbilt University
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Educational Attainment; Parenting Skills/Styles; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In this research, I consider whether the impact of parenting during middle and late adolescence is directly connected to educational attainment in young adulthood or whether the influence of parenting is better understood as indirectly affecting educational progress through mental health. Parenting styles are predominantly divided along two orthogonal dimensions in the relevant literature -- responsiveness/ supportiveness versus demanding/controlling (e.g., Maccoby and Martin 1983). These two dimensions are further divided into four categories-- uninvolved parenting, permissive parenting, authoritative parenting, and authoritarian parenting (e.g., Maccoby and Martin 1983; Baumrind 1991; Spera 2005), which are the types of parenting I consider. Variations in the characteristics of these four parenting styles are connected to whether youth perform well in school (Spera 2005).
Bibliography Citation
Hearne, Brittany Nicole. The Effect of Parenting Styles and Depressive Symptoms on Young Adult's Educational Attainment. M.A. Thesis, Department of Sociology, Vanderbilt University, 2015.
4. Hearne, Brittany Nicole
The Effect of Parenting Styles and Depressive Symptoms on Youths' Educational Attainment
Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Educational Attainment; Parenting Skills/Styles; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The current study examined the relationships among parenting styles experienced in adolescence, depressive symptoms, and educational outcomes for young adults. Utilizing four parental typologies based on parent-adolescent decision making processes, I investigated the relationship between parenting styles and depressive symptoms and the long-term impact on educational attainment for young adults.

Data for this investigation were drawn from a sample of youth from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (NLSY97). The data spanned nine years and consisted of 4,078 young adults. With a representative sample and longitudinal data I was able to trace the direct and indirect impact of parenting styles experienced during adolescence on educational attainment. The data allowed for a careful evaluation of not only of how parenting styles operate over time, but also whether and how depressive symptoms experienced in late adolescence reach into young adulthood to shape educational attainment. Furthermore, differences by race-ethnicity were included.

The results of this study were consistent with the existing literature. Non-authoritative parenting styles result in less than optimal outcomes for adolescents and young adults. However, the negative effects are more pronounced for white youth than for black and Hispanic youth.

Bibliography Citation
Hearne, Brittany Nicole. "The Effect of Parenting Styles and Depressive Symptoms on Youths' Educational Attainment." Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015.