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Author: Hamad, Rita
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Hamad, Rita
Rehkopf, David
Poverty and Child Development: A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit
American Journal of Epidemiology 183,9 (1 May 2016): 775-784.
Also: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/183/9/775.abstract
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children, Poverty; Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); Family Income; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Modeling, Fixed Effects; Modeling, Instrumental Variables; Socioeconomic Factors; State-Level Data/Policy

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Although adverse socioeconomic conditions are correlated with worse child health and development, the effects of poverty-alleviation policies are less understood. We examined the associations of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) on child development and used an instrumental variable approach to estimate the potential impacts of income. We used data from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (n = 8,186) during 1986-2000 to examine effects on the Behavioral Problems Index (BPI) and Home Observation Measurement of the Environment inventory (HOME) scores.
Bibliography Citation
Hamad, Rita and David Rehkopf. "Poverty and Child Development: A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit." American Journal of Epidemiology 183,9 (1 May 2016): 775-784.
2. Hamad, Rita
Rehkopf, David
Poverty, Pregnancy, and Birth Outcomes: A Study of the Earned Income Tax Credit
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 29,5 (September 2015): 444-452.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppe.12211/abstract
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Birthweight; Breastfeeding; CESD (Depression Scale); Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Household Income; Modeling, Instrumental Variables; Pearlin Mastery Scale; Pre-natal Care/Exposure; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes; Program Participation/Evaluation; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem); Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control)

The study sample includes women surveyed in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (n = 2985) and their children born during 1986-2000 (n = 4683). Outcome variables include utilisation of prenatal and postnatal care, use of alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy, term birth, birthweight, and breast-feeding status. We first examine the health effects of both household income and EITC payment size using multivariable linear regressions. We then employ instrumental variables analysis to estimate the causal effect of income on perinatal health, using EITC payment size as an instrument for household income.
Bibliography Citation
Hamad, Rita and David Rehkopf. "Poverty, Pregnancy, and Birth Outcomes: A Study of the Earned Income Tax Credit." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 29,5 (September 2015): 444-452.