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Title: Academic and Behavioral Outcomes Among the Children of Young Mothers
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Levine, Judith A.
Pollack, Harold
Comfort, Maureen E.
Academic and Behavioral Outcomes Among the Children of Young Mothers
JCPR Working Paper 193, Joint Center for Poverty Research, June 2000.
Also: http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/jcpr/workingpapers/wpfiles/levine_pollack_comfort.PDF
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Joint Center for Poverty Research
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Birth Order; Childbearing; Children, Well-Being; Family Background; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Test Scores/Test theory/IRT; Truancy

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper was originally presented as the Population Association of America Meetings, March 2000, in Los Angeles, CA.

In this paper, we use newly available data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to investigate the effects of early motherhood on academic and behavioral outcomes for children born to early childbearers. We find that early motherhood's strong negative correlation with children's test scores and positive correlation with children's grade repetition is almost entirely explained by pre-birth individual and family background factors of teen mothers themselves. However, early childbearing is associated indirectly with reduced children's test scores through its linkage to family size (and thus to child birth order). We find a different pattern in predicting fighting, truancy, early sexual activity, and other problem behaviors among adolescent and young adult off-spring. For these behaviors, maternal age-at-first-birth remains an important risk-factor even after controlling for a wide range of background factors and maternal characteristics. These results highlight the diverse pathways through which teen parenting might influence subsequent child well-being and social performance.

Bibliography Citation
Levine, Judith A., Harold Pollack and Maureen E. Comfort. "Academic and Behavioral Outcomes Among the Children of Young Mothers." JCPR Working Paper 193, Joint Center for Poverty Research, June 2000.