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Author: Tan, Chih Ming
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Durlauf, Steven
Kourtellos, Andros
Tan, Chih Ming
Status Traps
Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 35,2 (2017): 265-287.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07350015.2016.1189339
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: American Statistical Association
Keyword(s): Earnings; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility, Economic; Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Pearlin Mastery Scale; Personality/Big Five Factor Model or Traits; Personality/Ten-Item Personality Inventory-(TIPI); Poverty; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem)

In this paper, we explore nonlinearities in the intergenerational mobility process using threshold regression models. We uncover evidence of threshold effects in children's outcomes based on parental education and cognitive and non-cognitive skills as well as their interaction with offspring characteristics. We interpret these thresholds as organizing dynastic earnings processes into "status traps". Status traps, unlike poverty traps, are not absorbing states. Rather, they reduce the impact of favorable shocks for disadvantaged children and so inhibit upward mobility in ways not captured by linear models. Our evidence of status traps is based on three complementary datasets; i.e., the PSID, the NLSY, and US administrative data at the commuting zone level, which together suggest that the threshold-like mobility behavior we observe in the data is robust for a range of outcomes and contexts.
Bibliography Citation
Durlauf, Steven, Andros Kourtellos and Chih Ming Tan. "Status Traps." Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 35,2 (2017): 265-287.
2. Kourtellos, Andros
Marr, Christa
Tan, Chih Ming
Local Measures of Intergenerational Mobility of Income, Cognitive, and Noncognitive Skills
Presented: Toulouse, France, European Economic Association and Econometric Society Parallel Meetings, August 2014
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult, NLSY97
Publisher: European Economic Association & Econometric Society
Keyword(s): Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Family Income; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Noncognitive Skills; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Pearlin Mastery Scale; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using NLSY data we investigate whether the observed patterns of intergenerational persistence in cognitive and non-cognitive abilities are consistent with the predictions of the genetic hypothesis. In doing so we employ the varying coefficient model to estimate nonparametric (local) measures of intergenerational mobility of income, cognitive, and non-cognitive skills as smooth functions of log parent permanent income. Our findings show that intergenerational mobility exhibits nonlinear patterns. Individuals with different parental income are characterized by different degrees of intergenerational mobility. Moreover, we find evidence that suggests that the genetic component in the overall intergenerational transmission mechanism is much stronger than the epigenetic for both sons and daughters.
Bibliography Citation
Kourtellos, Andros, Christa Marr and Chih Ming Tan. "Local Measures of Intergenerational Mobility of Income, Cognitive, and Noncognitive Skills." Presented: Toulouse, France, European Economic Association and Econometric Society Parallel Meetings, August 2014.