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Author: Mutran, Elizabeth
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Campbell, Richard T.
Mutran, Elizabeth
Parker, Robert N.
Longitudinal Design and Longitudinal Analysis: A Comparison of Three Approaches
Research on Aging 8,4 (December 1986): 480-502.
Also: http://roa.sagepub.com/content/8/4/480.abstract
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Research Methodology; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper compares three methods of analyzing data in longitudinal studies of aging: multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), the LISREL structural equation method, and event history analysis. The basic concepts of each approach are explained, and each technique is applied to data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience to illustrate its use in analyzing factors affecting the retirement decision. The results indicate that each approach has a particular conceptualization of development and change and particular design requirements, and therefore each is appropriate under different data collection regimes. MANOVA is ideal for comparisons of groups over time because its tests are precise and unambiguous, but it does not provide information about the process by which people withdraw from the labor force. The LISREL path analytic approach deals well with the concept of an intervening variable and permits nonadditivity and nonlinearity, but it does not deal well with causal contingencies or permit tests of alternative sequences. Event history or transition models requires exact information on the timing of transitions, and it can be used to estimate a number of models under various assumptions about the form of the underlying transition rate. [AgeLine]
Bibliography Citation
Campbell, Richard T., Elizabeth Mutran and Robert N. Parker. "Longitudinal Design and Longitudinal Analysis: A Comparison of Three Approaches." Research on Aging 8,4 (December 1986): 480-502.
2. Mueller, Charles W.
Mutran, Elizabeth
Age Discrimination in Earnings in a Dual-Economy Market
Research on Aging 11,4 (December 1989): 492-507.
Also: http://roa.sagepub.com/content/11/4/492.abstract
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Discrimination, Age; Dual Economic Theory; Earnings; Simultaneity; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examined the age-earnings relationship for a panel of older workers, simultaneously controlling for human capital variables and other variables related to both age and earnings. Data were obtained from the NLS of Older Men. The sample analyzed included men who were 45 to 55 in 1966 and who reported earnings in both 1966 and 1976. The investigation took into account that the economy is divided structurally into sectors that are contexts in which individual characteristics, such as age, are differentially evaluated and rewarded. It also examined the age-earnings relationship within and across the core and periphery economic sectors. Age-based discrimination was found for core-sector but not periphery-sector workers, and it became more prevalent as workers grew older. Results demonstrate that the 1967 Age Discrimination in Employment Act did not eliminate age discrimination in wages. These findings are discussed in light of claims that older workers, especially in the core sector, have lost their power in the work place. [AgeLine]
Bibliography Citation
Mueller, Charles W. and Elizabeth Mutran. "Age Discrimination in Earnings in a Dual-Economy Market." Research on Aging 11,4 (December 1989): 492-507.
3. Reitzes, Donald C.
Mutran, Elizabeth
Pope, Hallowell
Location and Well-Being Among Retired Men
Journal of Gerontology 46,4 (July 1991): S195-S203.
Also: http://geronj.oxfordjournals.org/content/46/4/S195.abstract
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Gerontological Society of America
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Geographical Variation; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Residence; Retirement; Support Networks; Well-Being

This paper investigates the influence of environment, specifically residence in a central city or suburb, on the psychological well-being of a sample of retired men drawn from the NLS of Older Men. Three issues were explored: (1) whether there were statistically significant differences among retired men living in central cities, suburbs, and non-metropolitan areas in their well-being, personal and social characteristics, networks, and activities; (2) whether differences in location exerted independent and interactional effects on well-being; and (3) whether location indirectly influences well-being through activities. Results indicate that: (1) retired men living in suburbs experienced the highest mean well-being scores; (2) poor health reduced the well- being of retired men in the suburbs to a greater extent than in the central cities; and (3) suburban location indirectly influenced well-being by way of its effect on informal activities.
Bibliography Citation
Reitzes, Donald C., Elizabeth Mutran and Hallowell Pope. "Location and Well-Being Among Retired Men." Journal of Gerontology 46,4 (July 1991): S195-S203.