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Author: Miller, Portia
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Miller, Portia
Podvysotska, Tamara
Betancur, Laura
Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth
Wealth and Child Development: Differences in Associations by Family Income and Developmental Stage
RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 7,3 Wealth Inequality and Child Development: Implications for Policy and Practice (August 2021): 154-174.
Also: https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7758/rsf.2021.7.3.07
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Family Income; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Wealth

Wealth inequality is at a historic high in the United States. Yet little is known about the implications of wealth on children's development because research has focused mainly on the role of wealth in shaping outcomes in adulthood. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 8,095), we examine how family wealth relates to achievement and behavior problems during early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. Further, we explore whether links between wealth and children's development vary by level of income and income volatility. Results show that wealth, controlling for income level and volatility, is uniquely related to both academic and behavioral development in early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. Moreover, evidence suggests that wealth plays a buffering role when it comes to protecting children's development from the deleterious effects of low family income, especially as children grow older.
Bibliography Citation
Miller, Portia, Tamara Podvysotska, Laura Betancur and Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal. "Wealth and Child Development: Differences in Associations by Family Income and Developmental Stage." RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 7,3 Wealth Inequality and Child Development: Implications for Policy and Practice (August 2021): 154-174.
2. Whitfield, Kendra
Betancur, Laura
Miller, Portia
Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth
Longitudinal Links between Income Dynamics and Young Adult Socioeconomic and Behavioral Health Outcomes
Youth and Society published online (4 Mar 2021): DOI: 10.1177/0044118X21996382.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0044118X21996382
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Childbearing, Adolescent; Childhood Adversity/Trauma; Depression (see also CESD); Economic Well-Being; Family Income; Income Dynamics/Shocks

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Longitudinal links between childhood family income and adult outcomes are well documented. However, research on childhood income volatility and young adult outcomes is limited. This study utilizes data from the NLSY (N = 6,410) to examine how childhood family income and income volatility relate to socioeconomic outcomes and mental/behavioral health in emerging adulthood. Results show that lower childhood income was associated with young adult socioeconomic and behavioral health outcomes. Higher income volatility was associated with increased depression and teen parenthood during young adulthood. Additional analyses examining trajectories of income volatility illustrated that children in families with unstable income trajectories (i.e., frequent income losses and gains) showed higher depression scores than those with stable trajectories. These findings suggest that income volatility, not just income level or income loss, is important to consider when studying economic disparities in young adult outcomes. Implications for policies and programs for low-income, high-volatility households are discussed.
Bibliography Citation
Whitfield, Kendra, Laura Betancur, Portia Miller and Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal. "Longitudinal Links between Income Dynamics and Young Adult Socioeconomic and Behavioral Health Outcomes." Youth and Society published online (4 Mar 2021): DOI: 10.1177/0044118X21996382.