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Author: Kwon, Eunsun
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Kwon, Eunsun
Park, Sojung
Lee, Hyunjoo
Lee, Na Youn
Multiple Pathways Linking Early Socioeconomic Circumstances and Depressive Symptoms in Late Middle Age in the U.S.
Aging and Mental Health published online (21 July 2021): DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.1951659.
Also: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13607863.2021.1951659
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Depression (see also CESD); Health, Chronic Conditions; Life Course; Marital Instability; Modeling, Structural Equation; Physical Activity (see also Exercise); Socioeconomic Background; Unemployment; Volunteer Work

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Method: Drawing from the social pathway model, this study expands the life course literature by utilizing data collected over 35 years from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 Cohort, spanning four life course phases (childhood, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late-middle adulthood). Through structural equation analyses with a phantom model, we estimated depressive symptoms in late middle age as a result of pathway effects starting with childhood socio-economic status (SES) which effect young adulthood and middle adulthood. The multi-pathway life course model includes three potential mediators of middle adulthood: health risk behaviors, social activity, and negative life events.

Results: We found limited support for a direct effect of childhood SES disadvantage on depressive symptoms in middle age. Instead, much of the effects of childhood SES on later-year depressive symptoms appear to be mediated by SES in young adulthood. Further, the long-term pathway is mediated through the influence of health risk behaviors and negative life events in middle adulthood.

Bibliography Citation
Kwon, Eunsun, Sojung Park, Hyunjoo Lee and Na Youn Lee. "Multiple Pathways Linking Early Socioeconomic Circumstances and Depressive Symptoms in Late Middle Age in the U.S." Aging and Mental Health published online (21 July 2021): DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.1951659.
2. Porterfield, Shirley
Kwon, Eunsun
Caregiving and Preparation for Retirement
Innovation in Aging 3,S1 (November 2019): S382.
Also: https://academic.oup.com/innovateage/article/3/Supplement_1/S382/5615080
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Caregivers, Adult Children; Expectations/Intentions; Gender Differences; Retirement; Savings

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Saving for retirement should begin with the first job, but preparation with respect to determining a specific retirement age and plans for post-retirement life, generally occurs closer to the retirement date. However, among those who provide care for family or close friends who are elderly and/or have disabilities, retirement preparation may take a back seat to more pressing current concerns. While we know quite a lot about patterns of saving for retirement and the factors that influence those patterns, we know little about retirement expectations and patterns of thinking about and planning for the broader retirement experience, particularly among caregivers. This paper uses data from the 2008-2016 rounds of the nationally-representative 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine retirement expectations and five areas of retirement preparation (reading, using a computer app, consulting a financial planner, calculating income, or attending meetings) among employed adults (ages 51-59 in 2016) who are or are not providing care for someone in or out of their household. Longitudinal analysis finds significantly lower retirement preparation among adults caring for someone inside versus outside the household, as well as significantly lower preparation activities among female versus male caregivers. Caregiving influences employment and, in turn, the types of retirement accounts held by men and women. Although caregiving is associated with decreased retirement savings among both men and women who have pension accounts, retirement preparation activities in 2008 and 2012 are associated with higher retirement savings in 2016.
Bibliography Citation
Porterfield, Shirley and Eunsun Kwon. "Caregiving and Preparation for Retirement." Innovation in Aging 3,S1 (November 2019): S382.