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Author: Kleiner, Sibyl
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Kleiner, Sibyl
Pavalko, Eliza K.
Clocking In: The Organization of Work Time and Health in the United States
Social Forces 88,3 (March 2010): 1463-1486.
Also: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/sof/summary/v088/88.3.kleiner.html
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Keyword(s): CESD (Depression Scale); Depression (see also CESD); Family Characteristics; Health Factors; Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Characteristics; Obesity; Part-Time Work; Stress; Time Use; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article assesses the health implications of emerging patterns in the organization of work time. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we examine general mental and physical health (SF-12 scores), psychological distress (CESD score), clinical levels of obesity, and the presence of medical conditions, at age 40. Overall, we find that health varies more across work hours than across types of shifts, and part-time workers report worse physical and emotional health than full-time workers. However, controlling for individual, family and job characteristics explains the poorer health observed among part-time workers. Those who are satisfied with their jobs, have more education, or have an employed spouse, report better health, while women and those with a prior health limitation report worse health. After taking these factors into account, we find a curvilinear relationship between work hours and health, with those working between 40 and 59 hours per week reporting worse mental and physical health than those working 40 hours per week. We also find that obesity differs from current health problems in its relationship to work time. Those who work part-time or fixed-hour schedules are less likely to be obese, suggesting that long-term health risks operating through obesity, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, are affected by time availability. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Bibliography Citation
Kleiner, Sibyl and Eliza K. Pavalko. "Clocking In: The Organization of Work Time and Health in the United States." Social Forces 88,3 (March 2010): 1463-1486.
2. Kleiner, Sibyl
Pavalko, Eliza K.
Double Time: Is Health Affected by a Spouse's Time at Work?
Social Forces 92,3 (March 2014): 983-1007.
Also: http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/92/3/983
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Exercise; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Husbands; Stress; Wives; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The amount of time families spend at work increased substantially over the course of the 20th century, but the health implications of these shifts remain poorly understood. Using the NLSY79, we examine potential consequences of men's and women's work time on the health of their spouse. We also investigate three mechanisms through which spousal hours might affect health: resources from the job, stress, and time for physical activity and exercise. Husbands' long (50+) hours predict better health for wives, due in part to greater resources. Wives' moderately long (41–49) hours of work predict worse health for husbands, due in part to husbands' reduced exercise time. Our gendered findings highlight persistent inequities in work and family life that constrain the family health–promoting benefits of women's labor.
Bibliography Citation
Kleiner, Sibyl and Eliza K. Pavalko. "Double Time: Is Health Affected by a Spouse's Time at Work?" Social Forces 92,3 (March 2014): 983-1007.
3. Kleiner, Sibyl
Schunck, Reinhard
Schomann, Klaus
Different Contexts, Different Effects? Work Time and Mental Health in the United States and Germany
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 56,1 (March 2015): 98-113.
Also: http://hsb.sagepub.com/content/56/1/98.abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Gender Differences; German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP); Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Satisfaction; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper takes a comparative approach to the topic of work time and health, asking whether weekly work hours matter for mental health. We hypothesize that these relationships differ within the United States and Germany, given the more regulated work time environments within Germany and the greater incentives to work long hours in the United States. We further hypothesize that German women will experience greatest penalties to long hours. We use data from the German Socioeconomic Panel and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine hours effects on mental health score at midlife. The results support our initial hypothesis. In Germany, longer work time is associated with worse mental health, while in the United States, as seen in previous research, the associations are more complex. Our results do not show greater mental health penalties for German women and suggest instead a selection effect into work hours operating by gender.
Bibliography Citation
Kleiner, Sibyl, Reinhard Schunck and Klaus Schomann. "Different Contexts, Different Effects? Work Time and Mental Health in the United States and Germany." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 56,1 (March 2015): 98-113.