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Author: Kalachek, Edward
Resulting in 6 citations.
1. Kalachek, Edward
Longitudinal Surveys and Labor Market Analysis
In: Counting the Labor Force, Appendix, Volume 2: Data Collection, Processing and Presentation: National and Local. Washington, DC: U.S. GPO, 1980
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Keyword(s): Employment; Longitudinal Surveys; Research Methodology

All major labor market relevant panels either in existence or being created are described to review their development, to assess their contribution to the system of employment and unemployment statistics, and to indicate opportunities for major improvements. The record of labor market research based on panel data is reviewed. One section explores the promise and limitations of the Current Population Survey viewed as a longitudinal subfile.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward. "Longitudinal Surveys and Labor Market Analysis" In: Counting the Labor Force, Appendix, Volume 2: Data Collection, Processing and Presentation: National and Local. Washington, DC: U.S. GPO, 1980
2. Kalachek, Edward
Mellow, Wesley
Raines, Fredric Q.
The Male Labor Supply Function Reconsidered
Industrial and Labor Relations Review 31,3 (April 1978): 356-367.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2522907
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Keyword(s): Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Household Income; Unemployment; Wages; Work Attitudes

The failure to achieve an adequate theoretical grounding for either the wage or the labor supply concept partly accounts for the wide variety of results yielded by econometric investigations of the labor supply function based on individual households. The theoretical background can be supplied by decomposing wages into permanent and transitory components and by expanding labor supply to include unemployment time. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey was used to examine the labor supply function for older males and findings suggest that prior labor supply studies are irrelevant for assessing the impact of public policy proposals. An exaggerated emphasis appears to have been placed on the position of the budget line. This emphasis does not reflect the parameters affecting labor supply decisions. Labor supply variation derives less from wage variations than from variations in attitudes, health, and demographic factors. Unemployment time for mature males is also actually desired work time and must be considered as such when examining policy issues.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward, Wesley Mellow and Fredric Q. Raines. "The Male Labor Supply Function Reconsidered." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 31,3 (April 1978): 356-367.
3. Kalachek, Edward
Raines, Fredric Q.
Static and Dynamic Labor Supply Functions
Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1978
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Employment; Layoffs; Leisure; Mobility, Job; Quits; Unemployment; Unions; Wages; Work Attitudes

Data from the NLS of Older Men are used to examine the determinants of wage differences, labor supply and labor supply change. The analysis stresses the distinction between the permanent and transitory components of wages, and differential responses to these coefficients. Findings include: (1) personality, attitudinal and psychological characteristics affect wages; (2) workers with the same human capital receive substantially different wages; (3) this difference affects quits, layoffs, the duration of unemployment and hiring standards; (4) labor supply responds positively to the permanent and negatively to the transitory component of wages; (5) the use of measured wages in labor supply regressions leads to misleading results; and (6) workers adjust labor input rapidly when their leisure-income choices alter.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward and Fredric Q. Raines. "Static and Dynamic Labor Supply Functions." Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1978.
4. Kalachek, Edward
Raines, Fredric Q.
The Structure Of Wage Differences Among Mature Male Workers
Journal of Human Resources 11,4 (Fall 1976): 454-506.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145428
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Keyword(s): Human Capital; Locus of Control (see Rotter Scale); Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control); Unions; Vocational Training; Wage Differentials; Wages, Men; Work Experience

A number of hypotheses concerning the determinants of interpersonal differences in wages are developed and tested. The role of personality structure and of knowledge acquired costlessly from the environment in the overall formation of human capital is found to be considerably important. Testing the hypothesis that labor market segmentation and disequilibrium account for a substantial portion of the variance in wages shows that human capital differences appear to be the prime determinant of interpersonal differences in wages among older males, but that workers with the same level of human capital can earn substantially different wages depending on union membership, industry, and occupation affiliation.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward and Fredric Q. Raines. "The Structure Of Wage Differences Among Mature Male Workers." Journal of Human Resources 11,4 (Fall 1976): 454-506.
5. Kalachek, Edward
Raines, Fredric Q.
Trade Unions and Hiring Standards
Journal of Labor Research 1,1 (March 1980): 63-75.
Also: http://www.springerlink.com/content/f326267405471406/
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men, Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: John M. Olin Institute at George Mason University
Keyword(s): Behavior; Job Search; Job Tenure; Job Turnover; Unions

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The empirical data are compatible with the hypothesis that employers respond to union wage premiums by raising the educational component of hiring standards. This behavioral mechanism by which rents are liquidated appears to be bringing about a significant shift in the quality location of American workers. More education increasingly represents preparation for a union job. Normative considerations aside, the implications of the process for the distribution of income and for the allocation of educational resources would seem to warrant serious consideration.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward and Fredric Q. Raines. "Trade Unions and Hiring Standards." Journal of Labor Research 1,1 (March 1980): 63-75.
6. Kalachek, Edward
Raines, Fredric Q.
Larson, Donald
The Determination of Labor Supply: A Dynamic Model
Industrial and Labor Relations Review 32,3 (April 1979): 367-737.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2522266
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Keyword(s): Family Background; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Work Attitudes; Work Hours

This paper specifies a model of labor supply change to test the sensitivity of static results and estimate the speed of labor supply response to discrepancies between actual and desired hours of work. Employing data from the 1966, 1969 and 1973 waves of the NLS of Older Men, the authors find that workers respond rapidly to changes in desired labor supply, fully adjusting actual hours within a two-year interval, but that pre-existing labor supply disequilibrium is liquidated more slowly. The authors infer that institutional constraints on hours are of limited importance but those imposed by area- or industry- specific demand fluctuations are of more importance.
Bibliography Citation
Kalachek, Edward, Fredric Q. Raines and Donald Larson. "The Determination of Labor Supply: A Dynamic Model." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 32,3 (April 1979): 367-737.