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Author: Frenette, Marc
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Belley, Philippe
Frenette, Marc
Lochner, Lance John
Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada : What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
NBER Working Paper No. 17218, National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2011.
Also: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17218
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Keyword(s): College Enrollment; Family Income; Financial Assistance; Higher Education; Tuition

This paper examines the implications of tuition and need-based financial aid policies for family income -- post-secondary (PS) attendance relationships. We first conduct a parallel empirical analysis of the effects of parental income on PS attendance for recent high school cohorts in both the U.S. and Canada using data from the 1997 Cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and Youth in Transition Survey. We estimate substantially smaller PS attendance gaps by parental income in Canada relative to the U.S., even after controlling for family background, adolescent cognitive achievement, and local residence fixed effects. We next document that U.S. public tuition and financial aid policies are actually more generous to low-income youth than are Canadian policies. By contrast, Canada offers more generous aid to middle-class youth than does the U.S. These findings suggest that the much stronger family income -- PS attendance relationship in the U.S. is not driven by differences in the need-based nature of financial aid policies. Based on previous estimates of the effects of tuition and aid on PS attendance, we consider how much stronger income -- attendance relationships would be in the absence of need-based aid and how much additional aid would need to be offered to lower income families to eliminate existing income -- attendance gaps entirely.
Bibliography Citation
Belley, Philippe, Marc Frenette and Lance John Lochner. "Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada : What Role for Financial Aid Policy?" NBER Working Paper No. 17218, National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2011.
2. Belley, Philippe
Frenette, Marc
Lochner, Lance John
Post-secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: Do Financial Aid Policies Explain the Differences?
Canadian Journal of Economics 47,2 (May 2014): 664-696.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1111/caje.12088/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Canadian Economics Association / Association canadienne d\'economiques
Keyword(s): Canada, Canadian; College Enrollment; Cross-national Analysis; Family Income; Financial Assistance; Tuition

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We examine the extent to which tuition and needs-based aid policies explain important differences in the relationship between family income and post-secondary attendance relationships between Canada and the U.S. Using data from recent cohorts, we estimate substantially smaller attendance gaps by parental income in Canada relative to the U.S., even after controlling for family background, cognitive achievement, and local-residence fixed effects. We next document that U.S. public tuition and financial aid policies are actually more generous to low-income youth than are Canadian policies. Equalizing these policies across Canada and the U.S. would likely lead to a greater difference in income-attendance gradients.
Bibliography Citation
Belley, Philippe, Marc Frenette and Lance John Lochner. "Post-secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: Do Financial Aid Policies Explain the Differences?" Canadian Journal of Economics 47,2 (May 2014): 664-696.
3. Frenette, Marc
Is Post-secondary Access More Equitable in Canada or the United States?
Working Paper 11F0019MIE No. 244, Statistics Canada, March 2005.
Also: http://www.statcan.ca/english/research/11F0019MIE/11F0019MIE2005244.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Statistics Canada
Keyword(s): Family Background; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility, Social; Schooling, Post-secondary

This comparative study investigates the role of family background characteristics in post-secondary access in Canada and the United States. Given that post-secondary schooling is funded very differently in the two countries, family background may play substantively different roles. The findings suggest that university-going is less common among lower-income students and members of a visible minority group in the U.S. than among their Canadian counterparts. Some possible reasons are discussed. This comparative study investigates the role of family background characteristics in post-secondary access in Canada and the United States. Given that post-secondary schooling is funded very differently in the two countries, family background may play substantively different roles. The findings suggest that university-going is less common among lower-income students and members of a visible minority group in the U.S. than among their Canadian counterparts. Some possible reasons are discussed.
Bibliography Citation
Frenette, Marc. "Is Post-secondary Access More Equitable in Canada or the United States?." Working Paper 11F0019MIE No. 244, Statistics Canada, March 2005.
4. Lochner, Lance John
Belley, Philippe
Frenette, Marc
Family Income, Ability and Post-Secondary Attendance in the US and Canada
Presented: Washington, DC, Bureau of Labor Statistics Conference Center, NLSY97 Tenth Anniversary Conference, May 29-30, 2008
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Canada, Canadian; Family Income; Schooling, Post-secondary

Bibliography Citation
Lochner, Lance John, Philippe Belley and Marc Frenette. "Family Income, Ability and Post-Secondary Attendance in the US and Canada." Presented: Washington, DC, Bureau of Labor Statistics Conference Center, NLSY97 Tenth Anniversary Conference, May 29-30, 2008.