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Author: Cameron, A. Colin
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Cameron, A. Colin
Youth Earnings and Work Experience
Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 1987
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Earnings; Employment; Mobility; Mobility, Occupational; Schooling; Unemployment, Youth; Work Experience

Using data from the NLSY, the annual work experience and the annual earnings of youth are analyzed. Unlike previously available data sets, the NLSY provide data on every job held by youth, and monthly data on school attendance. In the first study, annual work experience is investigated at the level of the individual jobs held by each youth in the sample. In-school and out-of-school youth experiences are separately analyzed. NLSY data for 1978-84 highlight the extent to which employment and schooling are not mutually exclusive. Youth not only exhibit great job mobility, but there is great variation in the hours and wages of the different jobs held. Some jobs may be held simultaneously. In standard economic analyses that use annual earnings, the potential contamination of results because of measurement error in earnings is acknowledged. Without additional information it is impossible to either gauge the magnitude of the measurement error or take corrective action. Such additional information is available from the NLSY, since for each individual in each year, two separate measures of annual earnings are available. In the second study, multiple indicator models are fitted to these two measures of earnings. NLSY data for 1980-84 for out-of-school youth indicate that measurement error accounts for approximately 20 to 30 percent of the variance of the logarithm of earnings, and even more of the variance in the change in the logarithm of earnings. Measurement error is serially uncorrelated. Controlling for measurement error, true earnings need not be differenced, but may follow a process more complex than a simple AR(1) process.
Bibliography Citation
Cameron, A. Colin. Youth Earnings and Work Experience. Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 1987.
2. Cameron, A. Colin
Gritz, R. Mark
MaCurdy, Thomas E.
The Effects of Unemployment Compensation on the Unemployment of Youths
NLS Discussion Paper No. 92-4, Washington DC: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1989.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Earnings; Employment, Youth; Gender Differences; Job Patterns; Unemployment; Unemployment Insurance; Unemployment, Youth; Wages; Work History

This report examines the role of unemployment insurance (UI) policies on the amount of unemployment that youth experience between jobs. Specifically, the analysis focuses on determining how the weekly benefit amounts and the weeks of eligibility offered by UI programs influence three aspects of nonemployment activities: (1) total length of time spent in nonemployment; (2) fraction of this time reported as unemployment; and (3) likelihood that an individual collects UI during a nonemployment episode. Two intermediate goals of this research included: (1) the computation of a comprehensive summary of the weekly work and earnings experiences of youth; and (2) an assessment of the extent to which youth are eligible for UI and the degree to which they draw on UI entitlements. The aim was to identify two sets of patterns, those describing differences across demographic characteristics and those capturing changes over the period 1979-1984. Data from the NLSY are utilized in these analyses. The empirical results for men presented in this study indicate that an individual who collects UI typically experiences a longer spell of nonemployment, at least up to the exhaustion of UI benefits, and reports a larger fraction of this spell as unemployment than a nonrecipient. The results show slight increases in recipiency and in the fraction of a nonemployment spell listed as unemployment; however, this rise in weekly benefits has essentially no effect on either the length of nonemployment spells or on the number of weeks of unemployment, irrespective of whether one considers the population at large or only the population of UI recipients. Other findings are summarized for young men and are found to also apply for young women with only two exceptions. First, while female UI recipients experience moreunemployment than nonrecipients at least up to the point of benefit exhaustion, there is some ambiguity as to whether a similar relationship exists for women when comparing le ngths of nonemployment spells. Second, the weekly benefit amount is not a factor at all in influencing women's experiences. In contrast to men, changes in weekly benefits have no effect on the fraction of a nonemployment spell reported as unemployment, nor do they affect the likelihood that a woman collects UI benefits. In general, the findings of this report suggest that features of UI programs that change the size of weekly benefit amounts are not likely to affect unemployment, whereas features that alter the amount of weeks of eligibility are likely to shift unemployment for those individuals who experience the longer durations.
Bibliography Citation
Cameron, A. Colin, R. Mark Gritz and Thomas E. MaCurdy. "The Effects of Unemployment Compensation on the Unemployment of Youths." NLS Discussion Paper No. 92-4, Washington DC: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1989.
3. Cameron, A. Colin
MaCurdy, Thomas E.
A Description of the Earnings and Employment Experiences of Youth
Presented: San Diego, CA, Meetings of the Western Economics Association, 1990
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Western Economic Association International
Keyword(s): Earnings; Educational Attainment; Labor Force Participation; Unemployment, Youth

Remarkably little is known about the patterns and volatility of labor market activities of youth over a 12-month horizon. Data from the NLSY on earnings and employment experiences are categorized by 13 age-education groups and six years. Variation across different age-education groups, variation over time, and variation within each age-education group are summarized. The observed variation across different age-education groups is consistent with a priori beliefs. The observed variation over time is consistent with the business cycle of the early 1980s. Within each age-education group there is a substantial variation in labor market experiences. Even at the individual level, there is substantial variation in labor market experiences over the course of a calendar year.
Bibliography Citation
Cameron, A. Colin and Thomas E. MaCurdy. "A Description of the Earnings and Employment Experiences of Youth." Presented: San Diego, CA, Meetings of the Western Economics Association, 1990.