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Author: Byun, Yongchan
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Byun, Yongchan
Compositional and Processual Aspects of Living Arrangements Among Elderly Black Men and White Men with European Heritage Across Developmental Time
Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University, 1991
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Assets; Education; Income; Marital Status; Racial Differences; Residence

This dissertation focused on the variations in elderly male living arrangements across race/ethnic subgroups, at large, and across developmental time. Of particular interest were the roles played by compositional and processual dynamics in race/ethnic variations in elderly living arrangements through the incorporation of a set of intervening determinants and interactions combining these determinants. Three mechanisms affecting the decision to live in a specific living arrangement, namely, preference, feasibility, and availability, were assessed. These three mechanisms were considered to be a function of social structural placement (race/ethnicity and a set of intervening determinants), the individual, and historical time both directly and indirectly. Six specific intervening determinants were examined in this study, namely, education, residential environment, net assets, disability, marital status, and number of surviving children. A pooled sample (N = 8,334) drawn from the 1971, 1976, and 1981 survey rounds of the National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) was utilized for this research. The general findings of this research suggest that there are variations in elderly living arrangements across race/ethnic subgroups. In other words, each of the three contrasting groups, namely, (1) Northwestern European origin White men (NW White men) versus native born and native parentage White men (U.S. White men), (2) Southern, Central, and Eastern European origin white men (SCE White men) versus U.S. White men, and (3) Black men versus U.S. White men, reveal separate patterns in the choice of elderly male living arrangements. The contrast between NW White men and U.S. White men reveals no differences in results of coresidence with adult relatives. In contrast, SCE White men have significantly higher levels of coresidence with adult relatives compared to U.S. White men, and this pattern does not diminish with the inclusion of the intervening determinants and their interactions. Among Black men significantly higher levels of coresidence are observed relative to U.S. White men. However, the differences disappear with the inclusion of the intervening determinants.
Bibliography Citation
Byun, Yongchan. Compositional and Processual Aspects of Living Arrangements Among Elderly Black Men and White Men with European Heritage Across Developmental Time. Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University, 1991.
2. Stinner, William F.
Byun, Yongchan
Transition to Retirement and Geographic Mobility
Presented: Madrid, Spain, International Sociological Association, 1990
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: International Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Migration; Mobility; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Contributing to the literature on retirement timing and geographical mobility, data from the NLS of Older Men in the US are used to analyze the sequencing of retirement and geographical mobility among a subsample of 937 white men who had reached age 59 between 1966 and 1973, were still in the labor force in wage and salary employment, and were married. The subjects were followed for 10 years to examine the degree to which their retirement-moving patterns were affected by a selected set of individual, occupational, and environmental characteristics. Intervals were pooled (N = 2,829) and a discrete event-history analysis was conducted. Variations in effects were evident, dependent on type of sequencing and across type of mobility, i.e., local move, any migration, and interstate migration. [Sociological Abstracts, Inc.]
Bibliography Citation
Stinner, William F. and Yongchan Byun. "Transition to Retirement and Geographic Mobility." Presented: Madrid, Spain, International Sociological Association, 1990.
3. Stinner, William F.
Byun, Yongchan
Paita, Luis
Disability and Living Arrangements Among Elderly American Men
Research on Aging 12,3 (September 1990): 339-363.
Also: http://roa.sagepub.com/content/12/3/339.abstract
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Disability; Household Structure; Residence

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Four models that posit alternative ways in which disability might affect coresidence with adult relatives are discussed and tested for a pooled sample of 2,623 men (ages 65-74) drawn from the 1976 and 1981 rounds of the NLS of Older Men using descriptive and logistic regression techniques. Men with multiple disabling conditions, but not a single disability, were more likely to be coresiding with adult relatives than were non-disabled men, independent of a set selected background characteristics. Results provide general support for a model focusing on assistance norms, and it is suggested that the absence of a spouse reinforces this pattern. [Sociological Abstracts, Inc.]
Bibliography Citation
Stinner, William F., Yongchan Byun and Luis Paita. "Disability and Living Arrangements Among Elderly American Men." Research on Aging 12,3 (September 1990): 339-363.