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Author: Bartik, Timothy
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Bartik, Timothy
Gormley, William
Belford, Jonathan
Anderson, Sara
A Benefit-Cost Analysis of Tulsa's Pre-K Program
Presented: Washington DC, Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) Annual Fall Research Conference, November 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM)
Keyword(s): Children, Preschool; Crime; Earnings; Educational Outcomes; Grade Retention/Repeat Grade; School Quality

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The long-term effects of state-funded pre-K programs have not been well studied, due to the absence of good longitudinal data on fully scaled-up programs. In this paper, we use data from several sources to estimate the long-term benefits and short-term costs of Tulsa's high-quality universal pre-K program, which originated in 1998. First, we estimate the effects of pre-K participation on grade retention up to 9th grade, using propensity score weighting and data from 2,061 students who attended TPS kindergarten in the fall of 2006 and who currently attend public school in the Tulsa metropolitan area. Next, we estimate the effects of grade retention on adult earnings and crime, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997. Finally, we generate overall estimates of the benefits and costs of participation in Tulsa’s pre-K program.
Bibliography Citation
Bartik, Timothy, William Gormley, Jonathan Belford and Sara Anderson. "A Benefit-Cost Analysis of Tulsa's Pre-K Program." Presented: Washington DC, Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) Annual Fall Research Conference, November 2016.
2. Bartik, Timothy
Hershbein, Brad
The Relationship Between Family Income Background and the Returns to Education
Presented: Chicago IL, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2017
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): College Degree; Educational Returns; Family Background; Family Income; Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID); Poverty; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Drawing upon the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we document a startling empirical pattern: the career earnings premium from a four-year college degree (relative to a high school diploma) for persons from low-income backgrounds is nearly half (in proportional terms) what it is for those from more-fortunate backgrounds. We establish the prevalence and robustness of these differential returns to education across race, gender, and the earnings distribution, finding that they are driven by whites and men and by differential access to the right tail of the earnings distribution. Exploiting the richness of the family background variables in our data and external sources, we employ several decomposition strategies to explore the role of neighborhood characteristics, school quality, college selectivity, field of study, location, and preferences in explaining the phenomenon. We conclude with implications for how greater education may affect income and inequality.
Bibliography Citation
Bartik, Timothy and Brad Hershbein. "The Relationship Between Family Income Background and the Returns to Education." Presented: Chicago IL, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2017.