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Author: Thomas, Christopher
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Thomas, Christopher
Kazemian, Lila
Residential Relocation and the Reentry Outcomes of Formerly Incarcerated Individuals
Presented: Atlanta GA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Society of Criminology
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; Geocoded Data; Incarceration/Jail; Mobility, Residential

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study explores the effects of different types of residential relocation on the reentry outcomes, including recidivism, of formerly incarcerated individuals. Although many parolees return to their communities of origin, some move to new communities for a variety of push and pull factors. It is essential to better understand the impact of different relocation decisions on formerly incarcerated populations in order to develop policies that may promote better social reintegration outcomes after release from prison. Drawing on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and controlling for relevant neighborhood and individual indicators, this study investigates whether residential relocation in itself may help to improve criminal career outcomes and minimize the influence of other risk factors (by altering social networks, changing employment and routine activities, or by creating new opportunities for change). We also assess whether the reasons underlying the decision to relocate are associated with reentry outcomes.
Bibliography Citation
Thomas, Christopher and Lila Kazemian. "Residential Relocation and the Reentry Outcomes of Formerly Incarcerated Individuals." Presented: Atlanta GA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2018.
2. Thomas, Christopher
Tan, Ruoding
Bennett, Neil G.
Structural Opportunity and Individual Preference: The Determinants of Spouse Selection in Second Marriages
Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Marital History/Transitions; Remarriage

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In the context of fundamental changes in union formation, union dissolution, and assortative mating in the U.S. in recent decades, we still do not fully understand the structural and individual factors driving spouse selection the second time around. Based on a nationally representative sample drawn from the 1979-2014 waves of the geocoded National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we test three hypotheses: 1) Women's spousal choice in first and in second marriages is associated with the composition of the local pool of unmarried men; 2) if the number of available single men as potential husbands is limited, a woman will be more likely to marry heterogamously; and 3) independent of the composition of remarriage markets, divorced women will change their preference toward homogamy in the second marital search. We find preliminary empirical evidence supporting these hypotheses, suggesting that changes in spouse selection in second marriages are due to both structural changes in remarriage markets and changing individual preferences.
Bibliography Citation
Thomas, Christopher, Ruoding Tan and Neil G. Bennett. "Structural Opportunity and Individual Preference: The Determinants of Spouse Selection in Second Marriages." Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019.