Search Results

Author: Rybinska, Anna
Resulting in 6 citations.
1. Morgan, S. Philip
Rybinska, Anna
Fertility Delay and Childlessness in the NLSY-79 Cohort
Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Expectations/Intentions; Fertility; Life Course

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth provided valuable insights into the process of fertility delay and childlessness for a cohort of American women that recently finished their reproductive careers. We construct lifelines characterizing women’s childless expectations and fertility behavior over the life course as well as analyze the relationship between socio-economic factors and expected childlessness. One fourth of women in this cohort ever-reported a childless expectation. Two patterns capture the majority of childless women’s lifelines: those who repeatedly postponed childbearing and then adopted a childless expectation at older ages and those who expressed ambivalence about parenthood at various ages and never had children. These results show the pitfalls of assigning voluntary and involuntary childlessness to the reproductive experience of childless women. Childless expectations are strong predictors of permanent childlessness, regardless of the age when respondents verbalize them. Socio-economic factors are not strong predictors of expected childlessness.
Bibliography Citation
Morgan, S. Philip and Anna Rybinska. "Fertility Delay and Childlessness in the NLSY-79 Cohort." Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016.
2. Rybinska, Anna
Family Size Preferences in Early Adulthood: Measurement Error and Dimensionality
M.A. Thesis, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Childbearing; Data Quality/Consistency; Expectations/Intentions; Modeling, Structural Equation

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In this study, the link between childbearing desires, intentions, and behavior is revisited using a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach in which I test if childbearing desires and intentions are distinct constructs while accounting for measurement error. Using data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth I estimate latent intentions and desires and then use the results to estimate the odds of having a(nother) child within the next three years. The results indicate that measurement error causes major bias in the relationship between childbearing intentions, desires and behavior. In models that account for measurement error, the effects of childbearing intentions and desires on childbearing behavior are twice as large as in models that assume perfect measurement. In addition, I find that while childbearing intentions and desires are distinct constructs, when used independently they might predict childbearing behavior with similar precision. Combined these results suggest that researchers interested in childbearing behaviors need to account for both measurement error and the distinction between childbearing intentions and desires in their models or risk severe bias in their results.
Bibliography Citation
Rybinska, Anna. Family Size Preferences in Early Adulthood: Measurement Error and Dimensionality. M.A. Thesis, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2016.
3. Rybinska, Anna
Predictive Power of Early Adulthood Reports of Intentions for Childlessness
Presented: Philadelphia PA, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Expectations/Intentions; Fertility; Life Course

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Qualitative studies of childlessness frequently point out to the importance of women's preferences in the process of remaining childless. Childless women often describe their status as a deliberate decision to avoid parenthood, situated within the structure of their lives. Despite these narratives, predictive validity of intentions for childlessness (i.e. intentions to have no children) is rarely examined. Findings from previous analyses point out to a strong predictive power of childless intentions: women who intend childlessness rarely become mothers and childless intentions, once verbalized, tend to be stable. This project complements existing research by investigating the link between intentions for childlessness reported in early adulthood and permanent childlessness at the end of women's reproductive careers for a recent cohort of American women. I use the 1979 National Longitudinal Study of Youth and estimate a logistic regression model. I hypothesize that the women who intend to have no children in early adulthood will have a high probability of remaining childless over the life course. Moderating effects of personality traits and socio-demographic factors are explored.
Bibliography Citation
Rybinska, Anna. "Predictive Power of Early Adulthood Reports of Intentions for Childlessness." Presented: Philadelphia PA, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2018.
4. Rybinska, Anna
Revisiting Measures of Childbearing Intentions: Should We Worry About Measurement Error?
Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Childbearing; Family Size; Fertility; Statistical Analysis

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Although the measures of childbearing intentions are widely used in studies of fertility, little attention is paid to their statistical reliability. The effects of the intentions on subsequent behavior might be biased if the statistical reliability of the measures is poor. I employ the structural equations framework to build a measurement model of family size intentions and analyze the impact of the measurement error on the predictions of childbearing behavior for respondents of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Results suggest that the measurement error in the intentions leads to underestimation of the coefficients. The effects of intentions of childbearing are significantly larger once the regression is adjusted for the measurement error. These results call for more attention to the precision of the measurement of intentions in future research.
Bibliography Citation
Rybinska, Anna. "Revisiting Measures of Childbearing Intentions: Should We Worry About Measurement Error?" Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016.
5. Rybinska, Anna
What Are the Determinants of Intentions for Childlessness?
Presented: Denver CO, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; College Enrollment; Expectations/Intentions; Fertility; Marital History/Transitions; Modeling, Fixed Effects

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The results from the National Survey of Family Growth indicate that the prevalence of the intentions for childlessness among young women in America is increasing. At the same time, empirical studies provide evidence that intentions for childlessness serve as a strong predictor of subsequent permanent childlessness. Despite the rising prevalence of intentions for having no children among young women, and their strong connection to permanent childlessness, little is known about what contributes to the development of such reports. In this project, I examine the determinants of intentions for childlessness for a cohort of American women who participated in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The effects of the changes in women's marital histories, professional careers, and educational enrollment on the probability of reporting an intention for childlessness are explored. Methods of longitudinal data analysis (fixed and random effects models) are used to capture the dynamic nature of women’s lives.
Bibliography Citation
Rybinska, Anna. "What Are the Determinants of Intentions for Childlessness?" Presented: Denver CO, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2018.
6. Rybinska, Anna
Morgan, S. Philip
Childless Expectations and Childlessness Over the Life Course
Social Forces published online (11 October 2018): DOI: 10.1093/sf/soy098.
Also: https://academic.oup.com/sf/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/sf/soy098/5126895
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Childbearing; Expectations/Intentions; Fertility; Life Course

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using nineteen panels of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY-79), we construct life-lines characterizing women's childless expectations and fertility behavior. One-quarter of women in the NLSY-79 cohort ever reported an expectation for childlessness but only 14.8 percent of women remain childless. Childless women follow two predominant life course paths: (1) repeated postponement of childbearing and the subsequent adoption of a childless expectation at older ages or (2) indecision about parenthood signaled through vacillating reports of childless expectations across various ages. We also find that more than one in ten women became a mother after considering childlessness: an understudied group in research on childlessness and childbearing preferences. These findings reaffirm that it is problematic to assign expected and unexpected childlessness labels to the reproductive experience of childless women. In addition, despite their variability over time, childless expectations strongly predict permanent childlessness, regardless of the age when respondents offer them. Longitudinal logistic regression analysis of these childless expectations indicates a strong effect of childbearing postponement among the increasingly selective group of childless women. However, net of this postponement, few variables commonly associated with childlessness are associated with reports of a childless expectation. We thus conclude that the effects of socio-demographic and situational factors on childless expectations are channeled predominantly through repeated childbearing postponement.
Bibliography Citation
Rybinska, Anna and S. Philip Morgan. "Childless Expectations and Childlessness Over the Life Course." Social Forces published online (11 October 2018): DOI: 10.1093/sf/soy098.