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Author: Ritter, Joseph A.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Ritter, Joseph A.
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Nonwage Compensation
Industrial Relations 52,4 (October 2013): 829-852.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Benefits; Benefits, Fringe; Ethnic Differences; Insurance, Health; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Previous research has found that, after controlling for test scores, measured black–white wage gaps are small, but unemployment gaps remain large. This article complements this previous research by examining the incidence of employer-provided benefits from the same premarket perspective. However, marriage rates differ substantially by race, and the possibility of health insurance coverage through a spouse's employer therefore distorts how the distribution of benefits available in the market to an individual is expressed in the distribution of benefits received. Two imputation strategies are used to address this complication. The evidence suggests that benefit availability gaps are small.
Bibliography Citation
Ritter, Joseph A. "Racial and Ethnic Differences in Nonwage Compensation." Industrial Relations 52,4 (October 2013): 829-852.
2. Ritter, Joseph A.
Taylor, Lowell J.
Racial Disparity in Unemployment
Review of Economic and Statistics 93,1(February 2011): 30-42
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: MIT Press
Keyword(s): Black Studies; Discrimination, Employer; Discrimination, Job; Discrimination, Racial/Ethnic; Racial Differences; Statistical Analysis; Unemployment Rate; Wage Theory

"In the United States, black workers earn less than their white counterparts and have higher rates of unemployment. Empirical work indicates that most of this wage gap is accounted for by differences in cognitive skills that emerge at an early age. In this paper, we demonstrate that the same is not true for black-white disparity in unemployment. A large unexplained unemployment differential motivates the paper's second contribution--a potential theoretical explanation. This explanation is built around a model that embeds statistical discrimination into the subjective worker evaluation process that lies at the root of the efficiency-wage theory of equilibrium unemployment." (p.30)
Bibliography Citation
Ritter, Joseph A. and Lowell J. Taylor. "Racial Disparity in Unemployment." Review of Economic and Statistics 93,1(February 2011): 30-42.