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Author: Rafi, Mohammad
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Rafi, Mohammad
A Longitudinal Study of the Link Between Labor Force Participation and Reproduction/Child-Care Behavior of United States Women
Ph.D. Dissertation, Emory University, 1992
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Child Care; Employment; Family Size; Labor Force Participation; Marriage; Mothers, Behavior; Simultaneity; Women

The role compatibility theory suggests that the labor force participation and the family size/child-care roles of women have a constraining effect on each other. Therefore these roles are incompatible, and there lies an inverse relation between them. Most of the past studies on the relationship between these two variables were conducted in the sixties and early seventies. These studies failed to come up with an unanimous conclusion. Some of these studies showed that the family size only affects employment, whereas, other studies came up with just the opposite conclusion. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between these two variables in seventies and eighties. In this time period manyfold increase in the child care institutions (e.g., day-care center) can be expected to have resolved or diminished the problem related to simultaneous pursuance of these two roles by the mother. In this investigation of the relationship between these two variables the roles of several demographic, economic, and attitudinal variables have also been taken into account. Most of these variables were never considered before as possible determinants of these two behaviors. The data used for this research come from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience of Young Women. They are collected from a representative sample of noninstitutionalized American women who were 14 to 24 years of age in 1968. The longitudinal survey contains data on socioeconomic, demographic and many other variables about the sample women for the years 1972, 1978, and 1983, known as the observation years. With few exceptions, only the respondents who were married once and were living with their husband throughout the observation period have been included in this study. Four models have been developed to assess the patterns of relationship among these variables, namely number of hours wife worked per week, number of years wife is married, financial solvency of the family, etc. The hypotheses related to the models have been tested with the help of least square and two-stage least squares multiple regression techniques. The relation between the employment and the family size/child-care behavior turns out to be nonsignificant in the major part of the observation period. However, the economic variables appear to be the best predictors of the labor force participation of the wives. Similarly, the demographic and attitudinal variables have shown significant influence on the family size/child-care behavior. The strength of these relationships has of course changed over time in both directions. In conclusion, the models better explained employment rather than reproductive or child-care behavior.
Bibliography Citation
Rafi, Mohammad. A Longitudinal Study of the Link Between Labor Force Participation and Reproduction/Child-Care Behavior of United States Women. Ph.D. Dissertation, Emory University, 1992.