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Author: Platt, Jonathan M.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Platt, Jonathan M.
Changes in Gendered Social Position and the Depression Gap over Time in the United States
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 2020
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Gender Attitudes/Roles; Gender Differences; Health, Mental; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation applied social stress theory to better understand the social causes of the depression gap with three related aims. Aim 1 summarized the evidence for variation or stability in the depression gap in recent decades, through a systematic review and meta-regression of depression gap studies over time and by age. Aim 2 examined the evidence for a changing depression gap across birth cohorts, and tested the extent to which any changes over time were mediated by changing gender differences in education, employment, and housework rates, three indicators of broader trends in gendered social position through the 21st Century. Aim 3 examined whether women in the workforce with competing domestic labor roles were at increased risk of depression, and whether pro-family workplace benefits buffered the effects of competing roles.
Bibliography Citation
Platt, Jonathan M. Changes in Gendered Social Position and the Depression Gap over Time in the United States. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 2020.
2. Platt, Jonathan M.
Bates, Lisa
Jager, Justin
McLaughlin, Katie A.
Keyes, Katherine M.
Changes in the Depression Gender Gap from 1992-2014: Cohort Effects and Mediation by Gendered Social Position
Social Science and Medicine published online (30 May 2020): 113088.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953620303075
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): College Degree; Depression (see also CESD); Employment; Gender Attitudes/Roles; Gender Differences; Housework/Housewives; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission

The present study examined the evidence for a changing depression gap across birth cohorts and tested the extent to which any changes over time were mediated by changes in relative social position between women and men. Data were from the National Longitudinal Surveys. The depression gap was defined as differences in mean CESD scores for women vs. men. The analytic sample included 13,666 respondents interviewed from 1992-2014. Hierarchical mixed models estimated the magnitude of the gender depression gap over time, its association with 10-year birth cohort (range: 1957-1994), and whether any variation was mediated by ratios among women relative to men of obtaining a college degree, being employed full-time, and the average number of hours spent doing housework per week, three indicators of gendered social position. There was a linear decrease in the depression gap by 0.18 points across birth cohort (95% CI= -0.26, -0.10). The results of the mediation analysis estimated that an increasing ratio of college degree attainment mediated 39% of the gender depression gap across cohorts (95% CI= 0.18, 0.78). There was no evidence of mediation due to changing employment or housework ratios. These findings partially support the hypothesis that the depression gap is changing over time and is meaningfully related to the social environment.
Bibliography Citation
Platt, Jonathan M., Lisa Bates, Justin Jager, Katie A. McLaughlin and Katherine M. Keyes. "Changes in the Depression Gender Gap from 1992-2014: Cohort Effects and Mediation by Gendered Social Position." Social Science and Medicine published online (30 May 2020): 113088.