Search Results

Author: Nayak, Veena
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Nayak, Veena
Wage Differentials Based on Marital Status of Women
Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1997
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Endogeneity; Labor Force Participation; Marital Status; Wage Differentials; Wage Gap; Women's Roles; Women's Studies

The dissertation is an investigation of the wage differentials between married and single women with special emphasis on the interdependence between labour market and marital choice decisions. A wage model with endogenous marital status selection and endogenous hours is used to specify this interrelation. We find a significant wage premium favouring married women in all specifications of the wage equation considered in this work. Moreover, the size of the premium increases when marital status is treated as an endogenous variable. It is also shown that the wage returns to labour market investment variables such as education, experience and tenure are underestimated when their influence on marital status choice is ignored. The study also yields some insights on the economic determinants of marriage. The probability of marriage is shown to be negatively related to labour market investment and positively related to direct indicators of productivity such as previous period wages and training. Our findings with respect to the wage and marital status choice equations have implications for the gender role specialization theory of marraige and its validity in explaining a portion of the gender wage gap. Data for the study have been extracted from the Young Women's cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey. The Survey contains information on key labour market variables and marital status histories of women aged 14 to 24 years in 1968 and hence, suits our investigation. Our sample of 730 women is drawn from the latest fours years of the Survey: 1985, 1987, 1988 and 1991.
Bibliography Citation
Nayak, Veena. Wage Differentials Based on Marital Status of Women. Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1997.