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Author: Nauck, Bernhard
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Fulda, Barbara E.
Nauck, Bernhard
Ren, Qiang
The Transition to Adulthood in China, Germany and the US: Prevalence and Timing in Private and Professional Life
Chinese Journal of Sociology 5,2 (2019): 193-213.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2057150X19838728
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Age at First Marriage; China Family Panel Studies; Cross-national Analysis; German Family Survey; Residence, Return to Parental Home/Delayed Homeleaving; Rural/Urban Differences; Transition, Adulthood

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We explore cross-country differences in the transition to adulthood between China, Germany, and the USA. Using large-scale panel studies, we examine the timing of leaving the parental home, first marriage and first parenthood. For those born between 1933 and 1988, we observe a delay in the timing of first marriage in all three societies. But the delay is steeper in the USA than in Germany and China. The age at first childbirth is increasing in all three countries. By age 30, most individuals in China have married their first partner and become parents, whereas in the USA and Germany less than half of the population have experienced one of these events. There are large differences in educational and employment trajectories between the urban and rural populations in China, less so in the USA, whereas almost no differences are observed in Germany. The three countries are alike in the proportion of individuals who have left the parental home by age 30. In all three countries, individuals without tertiary qualifications are more likely to have experienced all three events by age 30. But with regard to first marriage, a larger share of higher-educated individuals get married by the age of 30 in the USA, whereas in China it is the less educated who are more likely to get married.
Bibliography Citation
Fulda, Barbara E., Bernhard Nauck and Qiang Ren. "The Transition to Adulthood in China, Germany and the US: Prevalence and Timing in Private and Professional Life." Chinese Journal of Sociology 5,2 (2019): 193-213.
2. Nauck, Bernhard
Groepler, Nicolai
Yi, Chin-Chun
How Kinship Systems and Welfare Regimes Shape Leaving Home: A Comparative Study of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and China
Demographic Research 36, Article 38 (January-June 2017): 1109-1148.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/26332161
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Keyword(s): Cross-national Analysis; Germany, German; Household Composition; Kinship; Residence, Return to Parental Home/Delayed Homeleaving; Taiwanese Youth Project; Transition, Adulthood

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper aims to explain societal differences in the event of leaving the parental home as part of the transition to adulthood, in the United States, Germany, China, and Taiwan. It proposes bridge hypotheses between societal characteristics such as kinship system and welfare regime and home-leaving behavior, and tests them with nationally representative panel studies.
Bibliography Citation
Nauck, Bernhard, Nicolai Groepler and Chin-Chun Yi. "How Kinship Systems and Welfare Regimes Shape Leaving Home: A Comparative Study of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and China." Demographic Research 36, Article 38 (January-June 2017): 1109-1148.
3. Nauck, Bernhard
Ren, Qiang
Coresidence in the Transition to Adulthood: The Case of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and Mainland China
Chinese Sociological Review 50,4 (2018): 443-473.
Also: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21620555.2018.1522953
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): China Family Panel Studies; Coresidence; Cross-national Analysis; Germany, German; Household Composition; Taiwanese Youth Project; Transition, Adulthood

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper compares the prevalence and age-specific changes of coresidence patterns, by means of a classification of 12 coresidence types, for the age range from 16 to 30 in the United States (US), Germany (GE), Taiwan (TW), and mainland China (CN). Panel data were used in separate nested logistic regression models to estimate transitions in coresidence for individuals in each society in the transition to adulthood. On the first level, decisions to move from different types of family-of-origin-households were modeled, depending on intergenerational solidarity and parental resources. On the second level, target household types were modeled, depending on others' trajectory events and their interaction with gender. The analysis used the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY97) from the United States, the German Family Panel (pairfam), the Taiwanese Youth Project (TYP), and the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS). Age-specific coresidence patterns were pooled and transitions probabilities were estimated for a two-year period. The systematic comparative approach makes it possible to correct misinterpretations based on analyses from single societies. Our results demonstrated that differences in coresidence patterns within the patrilineal, collectivistic societies (CN and TW), and within the bilineal, individualistic societies (US and GE) were as important as the differences between these two groups of societies.
Bibliography Citation
Nauck, Bernhard and Qiang Ren. "Coresidence in the Transition to Adulthood: The Case of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and Mainland China." Chinese Sociological Review 50,4 (2018): 443-473.
4. Nauck, Bernhard
Yi, Chin-Chun
Lois, Nadia
Leaving the Parental Home: A Comparison between the United States, Taiwan and Germany
Presented: San Diego CA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April-May 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): German Family Survey; Household Composition; Life Course; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Taiwanese Youth Project; Transition, Adulthood; Transition, School to Work

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The United States, Germany and Taiwan were chosen for a comparison of home leaving: Are mechanisms being identified in previous research valid under different socio-cultural conditions? Do the difference in kinship system (patrilineal/patrilocal vs. bilineal/neolocal) and the varying school-work-trajectory result in specific patterns of home leaving? Three large-scale nation-wide representative panel studies are used: NLSY of the US, the Taiwanese Youth Project, and the German Family Panel (pairfam). Data were harmonized post hoc to enable comparative analyses on life course transitions until the age of 30. Descriptive results showed not only strong differences in home leaving between countries, but also differences in the temporal character and the respective household composition. Multivariate analyses based on discrete time event history models demonstrated significant differences in effect sizes of various predictors for home leaving across countries, which were related to differences in the kinship structure and the institutionalization of the life course.
Bibliography Citation
Nauck, Bernhard, Chin-Chun Yi and Nadia Lois. "Leaving the Parental Home: A Comparison between the United States, Taiwan and Germany." Presented: San Diego CA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April-May 2015.