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Author: Martorell, Francisco Eugenio
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Martorell, Francisco Eugenio
Essays on the Determinants of Educational Attainment
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California - Berkeley, 2005. DAI-A 66/08, p. 3041, Feb 2006
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Family Structure; Income; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Test Scores/Test theory/IRT

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The second chapter studies the relationship between child outcome and family structure. The link between family structure and children's outcomes is well documented. Whether this relationship reflects a causal connection remains unclear. Using data from the matched mother-child sample of the NLSY, I examine the extent to which heterogeneity in predetermined characteristics accounts for the relationship between family structure and two child outcomes: test scores and behavioral problems. I first see how the estimated family structure "effect" changes after controlling for baseline characteristics that are not themselves affected by the mother's childbearing and family arrangement. I also estimate panel data models that use only within-child variation in family structure. Both the cross-sectional and longitudinal results suggest that nonrandom sorting into family type explains much of the association between low test scores and living in a non-intact family. For behavioral problems, selection on predetermined observables does not drive the association with family structure. Panel data estimates indicate that growing up in a non-intact home is associated with more behavioral problems, although the point estimates are considerably smaller than those obtained from unadjusted cross-sectional comparisons.
Bibliography Citation
Martorell, Francisco Eugenio. Essays on the Determinants of Educational Attainment. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California - Berkeley, 2005. DAI-A 66/08, p. 3041, Feb 2006.