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Author: Lim, So-Jung
Resulting in 5 citations.
1. Lim, So-Jung
"Bad Jobs" for Families: Job Quality and Family Outcomes in the Context of Labor Market Changes
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, The University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2013
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Age at First Marriage; Behavior Problems Index (BPI); CESD (Depression Scale); Child Health; Children, Mental Health; Children, Well-Being; Depression (see also CESD); Divorce; Gender Differences; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Characteristics; Marital Dissolution; Marital Stability; Maternal Employment; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Part-Time Work; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

My dissertation examines how changing labor market conditions in the post 1970s era, characterized by the deterioration and polarization of job opportunities and quality, have impacted key family outcomes in the United States. For this purpose, I use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and the NLSY79 Children and Young Adults to examine the relationships between various indicators of job quality and three key family outcomes: namely, marital formation, marital dissolution, and children's health. Built upon the growing body of literature on "bad jobs" and labor market changes, I incorporate various indicators of job quality, including the provision of health and pension benefits, nonstandard work schedules, and nonstandard employment.

Study findings suggest that job quality may be an important economic indicator for family outcomes (either practical or symbolic). I find that having employment with "bad job" characteristics, especially the lack of health insurance and pension benefits, significantly delays men's transition to first marriage. In addition, women's job quality is important for marital stability in that working in jobs without health insurance decreases the risk of divorce among women. I also find that a mother's low-quality nonstandard employment (e.g., part-time, contract work) is detrimental to her children's health, particularly so in single-mother families. The absence of health insurance from mother's nonstandard employment is associated with worse health outcomes for children in single-mother families than those in two-parent families.

As the first study to incorporate various measures of "bad job" quality in key family outcomes, my dissertation contributes to the theoretical discussions of the causes of family inequality since deteriorating job quality and increasing labor market inequality have been hypothesized as leading influences on family changes but have not yet been empirically tested. Beyond theory, my research can also inform policy debates surrounding the linkages between work, family, and the well-being of both adults and children, as well as the implications of these relationships for the increasing inequality in the U.S. in the context of labor market changes.

Bibliography Citation
Lim, So-Jung. "Bad Jobs" for Families: Job Quality and Family Outcomes in the Context of Labor Market Changes. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, The University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2013.
2. Lim, So-Jung
“Bad Jobs” for Marriage: Job Quality and the Risk of Divorce
Presented: Boston MA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, May 2014
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Benefits; Divorce; Insurance, Health; Marital Dissolution; Marital Stability; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Part-Time Work; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study examines the relationship between job quality and marital dissolution. Built upon the growing body of literature on “bad jobs” and labor market changes, I incorporate several indicators of job quality, including the provision of health and pension benefits, nonstandard work schedules, and part-time employment. Results from discrete-time hazard models show that the characteristics and quality of employment is not associated with marital instability for men once education and income are controlled for. On the contrary, non-employed women have lower risk of divorce than employed women and if women are working in jobs without health insurance and receive health insurance coverage from husbands’ employment, the likelihood of divorce significantly decreases. These results imply that reliance on a husband’s health insurance may signal important economic benefits from marriage, which have stabilizing effects on marriage.
Bibliography Citation
Lim, So-Jung. "“Bad Jobs” for Marriage: Job Quality and the Risk of Divorce." Presented: Boston MA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, May 2014.
3. Lim, So-Jung
“Bad Jobs” for Marriage: Relationship between Job Quality and Union Formation in the Context of Labor Market Changes
Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Education; Gender Differences; Job Characteristics; Marriage; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Occupational Prestige; Occupations

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) from 1979 to 2008, this paper examines the extent to which job quality and the unequal distribution of “bad jobs” (i.e., those that offer low wages and do not provide access to health insurance and pension benefits) across different sub-groups are associated with union formation during a time of deteriorating job quality. Results from discrete-time hazard models show that failure to secure a high-quality job delays first marriage among men. Also, job quality partially explains educational differences in first marriage for both men and women, especially those with less education. This study represents one of the first empirical tests of the hypothesis that job quality in the context of labor market uncertainty is a key factor for understanding marriage behaviors. Beyond theory, this study can also inform policy debates surrounding the relationship between marriage and well-being and increasing inequality in the U.S.
Bibliography Citation
Lim, So-Jung. "“Bad Jobs” for Marriage: Relationship between Job Quality and Union Formation in the Context of Labor Market Changes." Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013.
4. Lim, So-Jung
Bad Jobs for Marriage: Job Quality and the Transition to First Marriage
Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Benefits, Insurance; Gender Differences; Job Characteristics; Marital History/Transitions; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Pensions; Well-Being

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) from 1979 to 2008, this paper examines the extent to which the quality of jobs that individuals have are associated with the transition to first marriage. Specifically, I evaluate the role of various indicators of job quality on marriage entry including health insurance coverage and the provision of pension benefits, nonstandard hours, and part-time work. Results from the discrete-time hazard models show that job quality matters for both men and women's marriage formation, net of education and income. For men, all indicators of bad jobs decrease the chance of marriage by 11 to 20 percent. Compared to men, only two of four indicators of job quality (i.e., pension benefits and part-time work) are related to women's entry into first marriage, suggesting gender difference in the relationship between job quality and marriage. This study represents one of the first empirical tests of the hypothesis that differences in job quality in the context of labor market uncertainty and polarization may be a key factor for understanding marriage behaviors. Beyond theory, this study can also inform policy debates surrounding the relationship between marriage and well-being and increasing inequality in the U.S.
Bibliography Citation
Lim, So-Jung. "Bad Jobs for Marriage: Job Quality and the Transition to First Marriage." Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015.
5. Lim, So-Jung
The Implications of the Expansion of Nonstandard Employment for Children's Health
Presented: Washington, DC, Population Association of America Annual Meetings, March 31-April 2, 2011
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); CESD (Depression Scale); Child Health; Children, Mental Health; Children, Well-Being; Depression (see also CESD); Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Characteristics; Maternal Employment; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Temperament

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Previous studies suggest that characteristics closely associated with nonstandard jobs such as low wages, lack of health insurance, and nonstandard work hours may have negative effects on children's health. However, these relationships have not yet been examined empirically. Using representative longitudinal data on children (NLSY79 Children and Young adults), this study begins to fill this gap by evaluating the extent to which parental employment status, in particular, having a nonstandard job is associated with children's physical and psychological health. The study will also evaluate the mechanisms linking nonstandard jobs of parents and children's health: low wage, lack of health insurance, parental health, and parental involvement, respectively. Considering the potential importance of selection factors and unobserved heterogeneity, I will estimate associations between parental work and children's health with different regression models including a model which controls for the prior health status and fixed-effects models which control for time-constant individual characteristics.
Bibliography Citation
Lim, So-Jung. "The Implications of the Expansion of Nonstandard Employment for Children's Health." Presented: Washington, DC, Population Association of America Annual Meetings, March 31-April 2, 2011.