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Author: Laporte, Audrey
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Jacobs, Josephine C.
Van Houtven, Courtney H.
Laporte, Audrey
Coyte, Peter C.
Baby Boomer Caregivers in the Workforce: Do They Fare Better or Worse than their Predecessors?
The Journal of the Economics of Ageing 6 (December 2015): 89-202.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212828X1500016X
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Caregivers, Adult Children; Labor Market Outcomes; Work Hours

Objective: Since the 1960's there have been substantial increases in women's labor force attachment. Meanwhile, a shifting focus to care in community settings has implied an increasingly important role for informal caregivers. In light of these changes and the unpaid leave policies introduced in the 1990s to reduce the caregiver-labor force participant role strain, it is important to assess whether the labor market outcomes of caregivers have changed over time. We explored the impact of caregiving on women's labor force participation, hours of work, and wages and whether this effect was different for women in the Baby Boomer generation versus women born in the pre-World War II years.

Methods: Using data from the American National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women, we followed two cohorts of pre-retirement aged women at similar points in their careers. We used pooled and fixed effects regressions.

Results: We found that intensive informal caregiving was negatively associated with labor force participation and hours of work for both pre-Baby Boomers and Baby Boomers. Further, the caregiving effects were not significantly different across cohorts. Caregiving was not significantly associated with wages after controlling for time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity.

Discussion: This study provides a first step in establishing that caregiving labor market penalties have persisted over time, despite the introduction of offsetting policies.

Bibliography Citation
Jacobs, Josephine C., Courtney H. Van Houtven, Audrey Laporte and Peter C. Coyte. "Baby Boomer Caregivers in the Workforce: Do They Fare Better or Worse than their Predecessors?" The Journal of the Economics of Ageing 6 (December 2015): 89-202.
2. Jacobs, Josephine C.
Van Houtven, Courtney H.
Laporte, Audrey
Coyte, Peter C.
The Impact of Informal Caregiving Intensity on Women's Retirement in the United States
Journal of Population Ageing 10,2 (June 2017): 159-180.
Also: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12062-016-9154-2
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Caregivers, Adult Children; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

With increasing pressure on retirement-aged individuals to provide informal care while remaining in the work-force, it is important to understand the impact of informal care demands on individuals' retirement decisions. This paper explores whether different intensities of informal caregiving can lead to retirement for women in the United States. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women, we control for time-invariant heterogeneity and for time-varying sources of bias with a two-stage least squares model with fixed effects. We find that women who provide at least 20 hours of informal care per week are 1 to 3 percentage points more likely to retire relative to other women. We also find that when unobserved heterogeneity is controlled for with fixed effects, we cannot reject exogeneity. These findings suggest that for a sub-set of high intensity caregivers, policies encouraging both informal care and later retirement may not be feasible without allowances for flexible scheduling or other supports for working caregivers.
Bibliography Citation
Jacobs, Josephine C., Courtney H. Van Houtven, Audrey Laporte and Peter C. Coyte. "The Impact of Informal Caregiving Intensity on Women's Retirement in the United States." Journal of Population Ageing 10,2 (June 2017): 159-180.