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Author: Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald
Effects of Living in a Single-Parent Family on Educational Attainment of Young Men and Women and on Earnings of Young Men
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Earnings; Educational Attainment; Family Background; Pairs (also see Siblings); Parents, Single

Whether long-term consequences of living in a single-parent family exist is a growing public concern. This study examines the effect of living in a single-parent family headed by a female on two long-run measures of achievement: educational attainment and earnings. The effect is examined within a household production framework, where achievement is a function of the time and money inputs of the parents and their ability to combine these resources. The study is based upon matched mother/son and mother/daughter samples constructed from the NLS. These samples consist of 1,098 young men ages 28 to 38 and 1,448 young women ages 26 to 36, about one fourth of whom spent some time in a single-parent family. Four measures of life in a single-parent family are constructed: ever lived in a single-parent family, length of time, period of childhood, and length of time in each period. The first two measures, ever lived and length of time lived in a single-parent family, had a significant negative effect on years of school completed for young men. The impact on educational attainment of young women was negative, but the effect was not significant when family income was included in the equation. The magnitude of the effect was nearly three times as large for young men as for young women. The preschool period of childhood, but not the elementary or high school years, had a negative effect for both young men and women. The length of time in the preschool years also had a significant negative impact for both genders. Living in a single-parent family had no significant direct effect on the earnings of young men, using a human capital model of earnings. Any impact appeared to be indirect through lowering the education of the young men.
Bibliography Citation
Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald. Effects of Living in a Single-Parent Family on Educational Attainment of Young Men and Women and on Earnings of Young Men. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984.
2. Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald
Growing Up in a Single-Parent Family: The Effect on Education and Earnings of Young Men
Family Relations 35,1 (January 1986): 161-168.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/584295
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Men
Publisher: National Council on Family Relations
Keyword(s): Earnings; Educational Attainment; Family Influences; Parents, Single

The effect of living in a single-parent family on the educational attainment and earnings of young males is examined, utilizing data from the Mature Women and Young Men. Three specifications of living in a single-parent family are tested, using ordinary least squares analysis on models representing education attainment and earnings. The analyses show that living in a single-parent family has a direct negative effect on education, but only an indirect impact on earnings via education. The effect is strongest among those who lived in one-parent families during the preschool years.
Bibliography Citation
Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald. "Growing Up in a Single-Parent Family: The Effect on Education and Earnings of Young Men." Family Relations 35,1 (January 1986): 161-168.
3. Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald
Beller, Andrea H.
Educational Attainment of Children from Single-Parent Families: Differences by Exposure, Gender and Race
Demography 25,2 (May 1988): 221-234.
Also: http://www.springerlink.com/content/r7293w7873823862/
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Family Structure; Gender Differences; Human Capital; Pairs (also see Siblings); Parents, Single; Schooling

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the effect of living in a single-parent family on the educational attainment of young men and women. According to household production theory, the reduction in parental resources for human capital investment in children living in a single-parent family should lower their educational attainment. Using matched mother-daughter and mother-son samples from the National Longitudinal Surveys, precise measures of whether, at what age, and for how long a child lived in a single-parent family are constructed. Empirical findings show that the negative effect of living in a single-parent family: (1) increases with the number of years spent in this type of family; (2) is greatest during the preschool years; and (3) is larger for boys than for girls.
Bibliography Citation
Krein, Sheila Fitzgerald and Andrea H. Beller. "Educational Attainment of Children from Single-Parent Families: Differences by Exposure, Gender and Race." Demography 25,2 (May 1988): 221-234.