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Author: Jacinto, Alberto
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Jacinto, Alberto
Essays on the Public Sector Labor Supply
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Public Administration and Policy, American University, 2021
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Occupational Choice; Parental Influences; Public Sector; Racial Differences; Teachers/Faculty

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation contains three distinct, but related, chapters that study the determinants of public sector labor supply--with an emphasis on public school teachers.

The first chapter of my dissertation uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1979 and its intergenerational component, the NLSY Child and Young Adult (CYA) supplement, to test the intergenerational transmission of teaching. The main findings suggest that teaching is in fact passed down within families: Children of teachers are seven percentage points more likely to become teachers compared to the children of non-teachers. However, the transmission of teaching is not uniform. The effect of mother's teaching status on child's teaching status is zero for Black sons. These findings suggest that the intergenerational transmission of teaching is one reason that the teaching profession remains disproportionately White and female.

The finding that teaching is transmitted across generations motivates the second chapter of my dissertation, which investigates more generally whether public sector employment is transmitted across generations. Using data from the NLSY and CYA, I test the intergenerational correlation coefficient for public sector work. Primary findings indicate that children of public sector mothers are five percentage points more likely to work in the public sector compared to children of non-public sector mothers, with no variation in terms of race or gender. These findings have implications for hiring and promotion practices within the ranks of the public sector.

Bibliography Citation
Jacinto, Alberto. Essays on the Public Sector Labor Supply. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Public Administration and Policy, American University, 2021.
2. Jacinto, Alberto
Gershenson, Seth
The Intergenerational Transmission of Teaching
American Educational Research Journal published online (14 October 2020): DOI: 10.3102/0002831220963874.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.3102/0002831220963874
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: American Educational Research Association
Keyword(s): Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Occupational Choice; Parental Influences; Teachers/Faculty

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Parental influences, particularly parents' occupations, may influence individuals' entry into the teaching profession. This mechanism may contribute to the relatively static demographic composition of the teaching force over time. We assess the role of parental influences on occupational choice by testing whether the children of teachers are disproportionately likely to become teachers themselves and whether the intergenerational transmission of teaching varies by race or sex. Overall, children whose mothers are teachers are seven percentage points more likely to enter teaching than children of nonteachers. The transmission of teaching from mother to child is about the same for White children and for Black daughters; however, transmission rates for Hispanic daughters are even larger while those for Black sons are near zero.
Bibliography Citation
Jacinto, Alberto and Seth Gershenson. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Teaching." American Educational Research Journal published online (14 October 2020): DOI: 10.3102/0002831220963874.