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Author: Hays, Jake
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Hays, Jake
Multiple-Partner Fertility and Depression in Young Adulthood
Presented: Denver CO, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Family Structure; Fertility, Multiple Partners

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Multiple-partner fertility (MPF), or having children by more than one partner, is increasingly prevalent, yet we know little about the relationship between MPF and parental depression. I use five waves of data from the NLSY97 and between-within (hybrid) models to estimate associations between MPF and depressive symptoms among young adult parents. Between- and within-individual differences in depressive symptoms for MPF mothers and fathers, compared to mothers and fathers with children by one partner, are fully attenuated by current family structure and number of union transitions. Additionally, I compare parents who transition into MPF to parents who experience a second or higher parity birth and have one total fertility partner. These results indicate that number of union transitions accounts for higher levels of depressive symptoms among parents transitioning into MPF. Findings suggest that MPF is not consequential for mental health; rather, other family-level factors jointly predict MPF and increased depressive symptoms.
Bibliography Citation
Hays, Jake. "Multiple-Partner Fertility and Depression in Young Adulthood." Presented: Denver CO, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2018.
2. Hays, Jake
Guzzo, Karen Benjamin
Does Family Complexity in Childhood Explain Race-Ethnic Disparities in Multipartner Fertility?
Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Childhood; Family Structure; Fertility, Multiple Partners; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We investigate whether family complexity is transmitted across generations, and whether such a process may explain higher levels of multipartner fertility (MPF) among Blacks and Hispanics. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 cohort, we test whether family complexity--which encompasses family structure (living with two biological parents until age 18) and the presence of half- or step-siblings--in adolescence predicts higher-order births with a new partner versus a prior partner, with a focus on race-ethnicity. We find that those who lived in a non-two biological parent household, regardless of whether they had half- or step-siblings, are at an increased risk childbearing with a new partner. Family structure and sibling configuration does not mediate race-ethnic differences in the odds of MPF in adulthood. Instead, race is a moderator: family complexity in adolescence predicts childbearing with a new partner for Hispanics and Whites, but not for Blacks.
Bibliography Citation
Hays, Jake and Karen Benjamin Guzzo. "Does Family Complexity in Childhood Explain Race-Ethnic Disparities in Multipartner Fertility?" Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019.