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Author: Hayes, Jill Rader
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Hayes, Jill Rader
Men in Female- and Male-Concentrated Occupations: A Comparative Analysis
Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University, 1984
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Occupations, Female; Occupations, Male; Occupations, Non-Traditional

The study sought to determine what, if any, differentiating characteristics exist between men who enter atypical occupations compared with men who are employed in traditionally, male-concentrated occupations. The objectives were to examine whether the two groups differed in regard to: selected background characteristics, educational variables, current demographic variables, employment characteristics, job satisfaction/job attitudes, sex-role attitudes, and contribution to household work. Data from the NLS of Young Men were chosen for analysis. Female- and male-concentrated occupations were defined and resulted in a sample of 48 female-concentrated occupations with 171 respondents and 63 male-concentrated occupations with 181 respondents. Univariate methods of analysis were used to compare and contrast the groups with respect to 70 variables. Discriminant analysis was used on a selected group of 12 variables of the respondents' current characteristics. The results indicate that although there were differences between these samples, the groups were more alike than different. However, some of the lack of differences were helpful in providing empirical evidence which, for this sample, dispels some of the myths of anecdotal speculations and refutes some of the limited-sample findings of previous literature in the area. The males employed in female-concentrated occupations were not more likely than the males employed in male- concentrated occupations to have experienced "male-absence" or to have experienced "father loss." Valuable outputs of the study lie in its review of the literature, discussion of reasons males would want to enter or would not want to enter female-concentrated occupations, exploration of the measurement problems in the area, and its isolation of potentially significant variables for further study. The study concludes that the most important issue on pursuing investigations of occupational gender concentrations and individuals who enter cross-sex typed occupations is the development of methods to define and measure atypical or "nontraditional" occupations.
Bibliography Citation
Hayes, Jill Rader. Men in Female- and Male-Concentrated Occupations: A Comparative Analysis. Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University, 1984.
2. Hayes, Jill Rader
Men in Female-Concentrated Occupations
Journal of Organizational Behavior 10,3 (July 1989): 201-212
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Occupational Segregation; Occupations; Occupations, Female; Occupations, Male

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper presents an analysis comparing characteristics of men in female- and male-concentrated occupations and investigating assumptions and stereotypes about gender-atypically employed men, based on data from the NLS Young Men (N=3,400 in 1981 who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1966). The variables considered included male presence in the household, socioeconomic background, sex-role attitudes, marital status, education, and employment characteristics. The findings show that differences exist in female- versus male- concentrated occupations, but not in ways found in previous research using small local samples; i.e., men in female-concentrated jobs generally were more satisfied with their work, and they were not more likely to be black, or to have less education, lower socioeconomic backgrounds, and lower occupational status than men in male-concentrated occupations. Future research should investigate choice of occupation to enable encouraging appropriate male subjects to enter gender-atypical occupations. [Sociological Abstracts, Inc.]
Bibliography Citation
Hayes, Jill Rader. "Men in Female-Concentrated Occupations." Journal of Organizational Behavior 10,3 (July 1989): 201-212.