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Author: Hanbury, Meagan Morrow
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1. Hanbury, Meagan Morrow
The U.S. Safety Net and Obesity
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Davis, 2013
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Ethnic Differences; Head Start; Obesity; Racial Differences; Siblings; Weight

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The first essay uses National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child and Mother data to examine the effect of Head Start participation on childhood weight outcomes. This essay uses sibling comparisons to determine the impact of Head Start on children's Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores as well as overweight and obesity status at ages 5/6 and 9/10. Empirical results show that while Head Start has limited effect on weight outcomes within the general population, the program is associated with a reduction in overweight and obesity among white and Hispanic children. Black Head Start children, on the other hand, are more likely to be overweight and obese at ages 5/6 than their non-Head Start peers. There is some evidence that Head Start influences weight outcomes through parental learning and shaping of children's preferences and behavior.
Bibliography Citation
Hanbury, Meagan Morrow. The U.S. Safety Net and Obesity. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Davis, 2013.