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Author: Gasko, Kimberly A.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Gasko, Kimberly A.
Correlates of College Entrance in a Longitudinal Sample
Psy.D. Dissertation, Hofstra University, 2007
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Achievement; Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); College Enrollment; I.Q.; Locus of Control (see Rotter Scale); Methods/Methodology; Poverty; Psychological Effects; Racial Studies; Self-Esteem; Test Scores/Test theory/IRT

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The purpose of the present study was to determine the correlates of college entrance in a longitudinal sample. Past researchers have studied the relationship among intelligence (Binet, 1916; Gardner, 1993; Goleman, 1995), locus of control (Boiler, 1966: Stipek & Gralinski, 1996), socioeconomic status (Fairweather & Shaver, 1991) race and gender (Halpern et al., 1995) on academic achievement. However, much of this research focused on only one or more of these predictor variables, while also employing small non-representational sample sizes. The results of these studies were thereby limited in scope by their exclusion of important variables, as well as being segregated to small segments of the population, making it difficult to generalize the conclusions to other samples. The present researcher sought to address some of these methodological limitations and subsequently expand the scope of the literature in this field.

This study differed from previous studies in that it is archival and longitudinal. The participants came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, a nationally representative data base (NLSY79, 1997). The sample of the NLSY79 included 12,686 young adults first surveyed in 1979. These individuals are presently in their forties and have been surveyed for over twenty years. Participants' school and life experiences were recorded. The subsequent data allowed this researcher to study predictor variables most related to college entrance.

Multiple correlations and path analyses were utilized in this study. The correlations which were found to be statistically significant and accounted for the most variance included IQ and achievement scores positive correlation to college entrance. The direct paths that were statistically significant toward the achievement measure (i.e., Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) included family poverty, race, locus of control orientation and higher self esteem. The achievement variable (i.e., ASVAB) accounted for the most variance with regard to participants staying in school and entering college. Results are discussed in terms of psycho-educational settings.

Bibliography Citation
Gasko, Kimberly A. Correlates of College Entrance in a Longitudinal Sample. Psy.D. Dissertation, Hofstra University, 2007.