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Author: Dong, Beidi
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Dong, Beidi
Developmental Comorbidity of Substance Use and Handgun Carrying Among U.S. Youth
American Journal of Preventive Medicine published online (3 May 2021): DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.02.015.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379721001793
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Drug Use; Handguns, carrying or using; Substance Use

Methods: In a cohort study of 6,748 youth from a U.S. nationally representative sample (51% male, 49% female; 69% White, 16% Black, 14% Hispanic, and 1% other race/ethnicity; born between 1980 and 1984), individuals self-reported their substance-use status (i.e., smoking, drinking, marijuana use, and hard drug use), handgun carrying, and other covariates between 1997 and 2013. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to identify distinct patterns of substance use and handgun carrying over time. Chi-square tests were used to determine the bivariate associations between substance-use and handgun-carrying trajectories, and a multinomial logistic regression examined the associations while adjusting for covariates. Analyses were conducted in 2020.

Results: Trajectories of all the 4 forms of substance use were associated with handgun-carrying trajectories. Specifically, the risk of being in the declining trajectory of handgun carrying (compared with that of being in the very-low trajectory) was higher for participants who were in the decreasing trajectories of smoking, drinking, marijuana use, and hard drug use and lower for those who were in the increasing trajectory of drinking. Inversely, the risks of being in the low and high-increasing trajectories of handgun carrying (compared with that of being in the very-low trajectory) were higher for participants who were in the increasing trajectory of hard drug use.

Bibliography Citation
Dong, Beidi. "Developmental Comorbidity of Substance Use and Handgun Carrying Among U.S. Youth." American Journal of Preventive Medicine published online (3 May 2021): DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.02.015.
2. Dong, Beidi
Jacoby, Sara F.
Morrison, Christopher N.
Wiebe, Douglas J.
Longitudinal Heterogeneity in Handgun-Carrying Behavior Among Urban American Youth: Intervention Priorities at Different Life Stages
Journal of Adolescent Health 64,4 (April 2019): 502-508.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X18304415
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Handguns, carrying or using; Transition, Adulthood; Urbanization/Urban Living

Purpose: To determine longitudinal patterns of handgun-carrying behavior among urban American youth and identify modifiable risk factors associated with distinct carrying patterns that should be targeted at different life stages.

Methods: Using panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we estimated longitudinal trajectories of handgun carrying among urban Americans, who carried a handgun at least once between 1997 and 2011 (N = 1,574). Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined risk factors associated with handgun-carrying trajectory groups during late adolescence (ages 16-20), emerging adulthood (ages 20-24), and young established adulthood (ages 24-28).

Bibliography Citation
Dong, Beidi, Sara F. Jacoby, Christopher N. Morrison and Douglas J. Wiebe. "Longitudinal Heterogeneity in Handgun-Carrying Behavior Among Urban American Youth: Intervention Priorities at Different Life Stages." Journal of Adolescent Health 64,4 (April 2019): 502-508.
3. Dong, Beidi
Wiebe, Douglas J.
Violence and Beyond: Life-course Features of Handgun Carrying in the Urban United States and the Associated Long-term Life Consequences
Journal of Criminal Justice 54 (January-February 2018): 1-11.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047235217304245
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Arrests; Behavior, Violent; Crime; Handguns, carrying or using

Purpose: Although previous research has made progress in identifying correlates of risky gun-related behavior and its impact on violence and injury, particularly during adolescence, it is not clear how individuals differ in their gun carrying behavior over time or how developmental features of carrying affect experiences and accomplishments later in the life.

Methods: Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), we delineated age-specific patterns of handgun carrying in the urban United States and investigated how onset age, duration, and timing of handgun carrying affected criminal offending, substance use, police arrest, and educational and economic achievements in established adulthood.

Results: There is important heterogeneity in individuals' handgun carrying behavior over time in the urban United States. Developmental features of handgun carrying are significant predictors of negative life outcomes in a variety of domains.

Bibliography Citation
Dong, Beidi and Douglas J. Wiebe. "Violence and Beyond: Life-course Features of Handgun Carrying in the Urban United States and the Associated Long-term Life Consequences." Journal of Criminal Justice 54 (January-February 2018): 1-11.