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Author: Ding, Wenqin
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Ding, Wenqin
Xu, Yuxiang
Kondracki, Anthony J.
Sun, Ying
Childhood Adversity and Accelerated Reproductive Events: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology published online (10 October 2023).
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Abuse, Sexual/Physical/Emotional; Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); Birth Outcomes; Births; Births, Premature/Preterm; Childbearing, Adolescent; Childhood; Childhood Adversity/Trauma; Family Characteristics; Family Dynamics; Life History Theory; Life Outcomes; Menarche/First Menstruation; Meta-analysis; Miscarriage/Pregnancy Loss; Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes; Pregnancy, Adolescent; Puberty; Reproductive Events; Sexual Activity; Sexual Reproduction; Socioeconomic Background; Socioeconomic Factors; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Objective: Accelerated female reproductive events represent the early onset of reproductive events involving puberty, menarche, pregnancy loss, first sexual intercourse, first birth, parity, and menopause. This study aimed to explore the association between childhood adversity and accelerated female reproductive events.

Data Sources: PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were systematically searched from September 22, 2022 to September 23, 2022.

Study Eligibility Criteria: Observational cohort, cross-sectional, and case–control studies in human populations were included if they reported the time of reproductive events for female individuals with experience of childhood adversity and were published in English.

Methods: Two reviewers independently screened studies, obtained data, and assessed study quality, and conflicts were resolved by a third reviewer. Dichotomous outcomes were evaluated using meta-analysis, and pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were generated using random-effects models. Moderation analysis and meta-regression were used to investigate heterogeneity.

Results: In total, 21 cohort studies, 9 cross-sectional studies, and 3 case–control studies were identified. Overall, female individuals with childhood adversity were nearly 2 times more likely to report accelerated reproductive events than those with no adversity exposure (odds ratio, 1.91; 95% confidence interval, 1.33–2.76; I2=99.6%; P<.001). Moderation analysis indicated that effect sizes for the types of childhood adversity ranged from an odds ratio of 1.61 (95% confidence interval, 1.23–2.09) for low socioeconomic status to 2.13 (95% confidence interval, 1.14–3.99) for dysfunctional family dynamics. Among the 7 groups based on different reproductive events, including early onset of puberty, early menarche, early sexual initiation, teenage childbirth, preterm birth, pregnancy loss, and early menopause, early sexual initiation had a nonsignifican t correlation with childhood adversity (odds ratio, 2.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.88–8.30; I2=99.9%; P<.001). Considerable heterogeneity (I2>75%) between estimates was observed for over half of the outcomes. Age, study type, and method of data collection could explain 35.9% of the variance.

Conclusion: The literature tentatively corroborates that female individuals who reported adverse events in childhood are more likely to experience accelerated reproductive events. This association is especially strong for exposure to abuse and dysfunctional family dynamics. However, the heterogeneity among studies was high, requiring caution in interpreting the findings and highlighting the need for further evaluation of the types and timing of childhood events that influence accelerated female reproductive events.

Bibliography Citation
Ding, Wenqin, Yuxiang Xu, Anthony J. Kondracki and Ying Sun. "Childhood Adversity and Accelerated Reproductive Events: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology published online (10 October 2023).