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Author: Deal, Cameron
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Deambrosi, Santiago
Deal, Cameron
The Intergenerational Mobility of LGBTQ+ Individuals
Presented: New Orleans LA, American Economic Association Annual Meeting, January 2023
Cohort(s): NLSY79 Young Adult, NLSY97
Publisher: American Economic Association
Keyword(s): Discrimination, Sexual Orientation; Economic Well-Being; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility; National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth); Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID); Sexual Identity

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We study the intergenerational mobility rates of LGBTQ+ individuals in their prime-age utilizing data from various nationally representative surveys, including the NLSY Child and Young Adult, NLSY97, the PSID, and AddHealth. We report the existence of a LGBTQ+ mobility gap in the US, shaped primarily by the outcomes of LGBTQ+ individuals born to lower-income parents. While a mobility gap exists for most LGBTQ+ individuals, those born to parents in the top of the income distribution are mostly shielded from this disadvantage. While part of this gap can be explained by discrimination and household specialization, we go beyond these commonly studied factors and ask how norms and attitudes during childhood impact the later-life economic opportunities of LGBTQ+ individuals. Using data from multiple sources, we construct an index that captures changing LGBTQ+ attitudes at small regional levels since the 1990s. As general norms and attitudes change over time and families move across areas, we exploit the longitudinal and sibling-linkage aspects of our data to causally study how exposure to these factors during childhood impact the later-life outcomes of these individuals.

We then interact these statistics with the Opportunity Atlas data to create an "opportunity atlas" for LGBTQ+ individuals.

Bibliography Citation
Deambrosi, Santiago and Cameron Deal. "The Intergenerational Mobility of LGBTQ+ Individuals." Presented: New Orleans LA, American Economic Association Annual Meeting, January 2023.