Search Results

Author: D'Amato, Christopher
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Silver, Ian A.
Brookstein, Adrienne J.
D'Amato, Christopher
Juvenile Incarceration in an Adult Correctional Facility as a Risk Factor for Adolescent Childrearing?
Journal of Adolescence published online (5 October 2022): DOI: 10.1002/jad.12096.
Also: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jad.12096
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Adolescent Fertility; Incarceration/Jail; Modeling, Growth Curve/Latent Trajectory Analysis; Parenthood

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Methods: The current study examined the age-specific effects of time spent in adult correctional facilities from 13 to 34 years of age on childrearing between 14 and 35 years of age using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1997 (NLSY97). The NLSY97 is a nationally representative sample of Males (51%) and Females (49%) born in the United States. Respondents of the NLSY97 were interviewed about life events beginning at age 7 and continued to participate in the study as recently as 2021.

Results: The results of the lagged growth curve models suggest that the time spent incarcerated between 13 and 17 years of age heightens the risk of childrearing between 14 and 18 years of age, an effect that is not observed during adulthood.

Bibliography Citation
Silver, Ian A., Adrienne J. Brookstein and Christopher D'Amato. "Juvenile Incarceration in an Adult Correctional Facility as a Risk Factor for Adolescent Childrearing?" Journal of Adolescence published online (5 October 2022): DOI: 10.1002/jad.12096.
2. Silver, Ian A.
D'Amato, Christopher
The Within-individual Lagged Effects of Time Spent Incarcerated on Substance Use: A Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study from the United States
Journal of Substance Use published online (9 December 2021): DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2021.2006336.
Also: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14659891.2021.2006336
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Drug Use; Incarceration/Jail; Substance Use

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Background: The effects of incarceration on future substance use is well documented in the extant literature. Nevertheless, scholars have yet to examine the within-individual correspondence between the change in months incarcerated over time and the change in substance use over time.

Aim: Considering this gap in the literature, the purpose of the current study is to evaluate whether within-individual changes in months incarcerated is associated with subsequent within-individual changes in substance use.

Method: The current study examines the influence of the change in the number months incarcerated (2004-2009) on alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, and hard drug use (2005-2010) using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97). The within-individual effects were estimated using four lagged latent growth models.

Result: The results demonstrated that within-individual change in the months spent incarcerated influenced the change in the likelihood of substance use over time. Within-individual increases in the number of months an individual spent incarcerated over time (2004-2009) was associated with within-individual decreases in the frequency of cigarette and marijuana use, but within-individual increases in the likelihood of hard drug use from 2005 to 2010.

Bibliography Citation
Silver, Ian A. and Christopher D'Amato. "The Within-individual Lagged Effects of Time Spent Incarcerated on Substance Use: A Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study from the United States." Journal of Substance Use published online (9 December 2021): DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2021.2006336.
3. Silver, Ian A.
D'Amato, Christopher
Wooldredge, John
The Cycle of Reentry and Reincarceration: Examining the Influence on Employment over a Period of 18 Years
Journal of Criminal Justice 74 (May-June 2021): 101812.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047235221000325
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Employment; Incarceration/Jail

Methods: Using the NLSY97 birth cohort, the current study evaluated the influence of time spent incarcerated (an approximation of the reentry-reincarceration cycle) on future employment outcomes over an 18-year period. Specifically, two cross-lagged panel models were estimated to examine the between-individual effects of the number of months incarcerated on employment and the number of weeks employed, while two lagged latent growth models were estimated to examine the within-individual effects.

Results: In addition to suggesting that the reentry-reincarceration cycle exists, the findings illustrated that the reentry-reincarceration cycle influences between-individual differences on employment outcomes and within-individual changes in employment outcomes over time.

Bibliography Citation
Silver, Ian A., Christopher D'Amato and John Wooldredge. "The Cycle of Reentry and Reincarceration: Examining the Influence on Employment over a Period of 18 Years." Journal of Criminal Justice 74 (May-June 2021): 101812.