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Author: Chung, WonJoon
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Kramer, Amit
Chung, Wonjoon
Work Demands, Family Demands, and BMI in Dual-earners Families: A 16-year Longitudinal Study
Journal of Applied Psychology 100,5 (September 2015): 1632-1640.
Also: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038634
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Children; Family Income; Family Size; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Work Hours

Many scholars assert that work and family demands are negatively related to individuals' long-term physical health, but few studies have explicitly examined this relationship. Among these exceptions, most have employed a cross-sectional design that is limited in its ability to establish causality. We use body mass index (BMI) that generally increases during one's lifetime as an indicator of physical health, and seek to explore the amount of control individuals may have on this seemingly inevitable progression. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we propose that an increase in demands--both in the work realm (e.g., the number of work hours) and in the family realm (e.g., the number of spouse work hours)--is likely to speed up the increase of BMI. Using a nationally representative sample of 4,264 individuals who were part of a dual-earner family between 1994 and 2010, we find that a within-person increase in weekly work hours, an increase in spouse weekly work hours, and an increase in the number of children are all related to a small within-person increase of the BMI growth trajectory. Within-person increase in work responsibility demands is related to a small within-person decrease in the BMI growth trajectory. We discuss implications of the relationships between work and family demands and long-term physical health. (PsycINFO Database Record © 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
Bibliography Citation
Kramer, Amit and Wonjoon Chung. "Work Demands, Family Demands, and BMI in Dual-earners Families: A 16-year Longitudinal Study." Journal of Applied Psychology 100,5 (September 2015): 1632-1640.
2. Kramer, Karen
Kramer, Amit
Chung, WonJoon
Work Demands, Family Demands, and BMI: A Gendered Experience
Presented: Denver CO, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2012
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Employment; Gender Differences; Household Demand; Stress; Weight; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Although many scholars believe that work and family demands are negatively related to individual’s long-term physical health only few studies have examined this relationship, mostly using cross-sectional designs. Drawing on gender roles theory the time availability perspective, we propose that the relationship between work demands, family demands, and health stronger for women than for men. Using a nationally representative sample of 4,297 individuals who were contentiously employed between 1994 and 2008 we find that work demands are related to both negative and positive effects on BMI and that working more hours raises women’s, but not men’s, BMI. We discuss theoretical implications of the relationships between work, family and physical health.
Bibliography Citation
Kramer, Karen, Amit Kramer and WonJoon Chung. "Work Demands, Family Demands, and BMI: A Gendered Experience." Presented: Denver CO, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2012.