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Author: Chen, Jen-Hao
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Chen, Jen-Hao
Early Childhood Health and Inequalities in Children’s Academic and Behavioral Outcomes
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago, 2012
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Birthweight; CESD (Depression Scale); Child Health; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-B, ECLS-K); Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Modeling, Fixed Effects; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Pre/post Natal Health Care; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem); Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control); Siblings; Sociability/Socialization/Social Interaction; Temperament

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Skills learned in early childhood play an important role in the formation of human capabilities and social equality in adulthood. A handful of studies have linked socioeconomic status and family background to academic and behavioral skills in early childhood. However, relatively few studies have considered health a potentially influential factor in the development of early childhood skills. Even fewer studies have considered health indicators other than birth weight. My dissertation addresses this concern by providing a solid assessment of the role of early childhood health in children's developmental outcomes. I focused on two prevalent health conditions that have been overlooked in the demographic and sociological literature: prenatal drinking and childhood asthma. The two research studies relied on multiple sources of data, including the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 79 Cohort, the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, and used a variety of methods, including descriptive analyses, multivariate regressions, fixed-effects models, and multiple imputation. drinking and childhood asthma.
Bibliography Citation
Chen, Jen-Hao. Early Childhood Health and Inequalities in Children’s Academic and Behavioral Outcomes. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago, 2012.
2. Chen, Jen-Hao
Health and the Development of Academic and Behavioral Skills in Early Childhood
Presented: New Orleans LA, American Educational Research Association (AERA) meeting, April 2011
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: American Educational Research Association
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Birthweight; CESD (Depression Scale); Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-B, ECLS-K); Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Modeling, Fixed Effects; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Pre/post Natal Health Care; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem); Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control); Siblings; Sociability/Socialization/Social Interaction; Temperament

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Bibliography Citation
Chen, Jen-Hao. "Health and the Development of Academic and Behavioral Skills in Early Childhood." Presented: New Orleans LA, American Educational Research Association (AERA) meeting, April 2011.
3. Chen, Jen-Hao
Maternal Alcohol Use during Pregnancy, Birth Weight and Early Behavioral Outcomes
Alcohol and Alcoholism 47,6 (November-December 2012): 649-656.
Also: http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/content/47/6/649.abstract
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Birthweight; Child Health; Infants; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Scale Construction; Siblings; Temperament

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Aims: To examine the effect of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy on infant behavioral outcomes and birth weight, and to investigate the differential susceptibility of infant behavioral outcomes and birth weight to prenatal alcohol exposure. Methods: Data on children born to women taking part in the United States National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) (n = 1618) were analyzed using the sibling fixed-effects model, which helps adjust for maternal, genetic and social confounders when examining effects of pre-natal exposure to possible toxins such as alcohol. Mothers were classified as non-drinkers, light-to-moderate drinkers and heavy drinkers according to their frequency of alcohol use during pregnancy. Infants' behavioral outcomes were assessed using the modified Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire in the NLSY, which measures three dimensions of behavioral outcomes: positive mood, fearfulness and difficultness. Results: Estimates from the model indicated that drinking during pregnancy was positively associated with infant difficultness, but not with positive mood or fearfulness. Further analysis by frequency of alcohol use suggested that both light-to-moderate and heavy drinking were associated with an increase in infant difficultness. Additionally, while low-to-moderate drinking during pregnancy was associated with infant difficultness, drinking at this level was not associated with low birth weight. Conclusion: The findings suggest that maternal alcohol use during pregnancy is a risk factor for infant behavioral outcomes, after taking into account many confounding factors. Infant behavioral outcomes appear to be more vulnerable to light-to-moderate levels of alcohol use during pregnancy than birth weight is.

© The Author 2012. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved

Bibliography Citation
Chen, Jen-Hao. "Maternal Alcohol Use during Pregnancy, Birth Weight and Early Behavioral Outcomes." Alcohol and Alcoholism 47,6 (November-December 2012): 649-656.