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Author: Bixby Radu, Monica
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Bixby Radu, Monica
Do Perceptions of Unsafe Schools and Bullying Hinder the Effects of Family and School Social Capital in Deterring Violence?
Presented: Philadelphia PA, American Society of Criminology (ASC) Annual Meeting, November 2017
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Society of Criminology
Keyword(s): Adolescent Behavior; Bullying/Victimization; Family Influences; School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; Social Capital

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Studies suggest that the bonds between youths and their families and youths and their schools help deter problem behaviors. However, less is known regarding how students' perceptions of their schools' environments and experiences with their peers may affect these relationships. Therefore, I merge insights from family and criminological research to test how youths' perceptions of schools' safety and experiences with bullying affect the relationship between family and school social capital and violence perpetration in early adulthood. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1997), I find that students' perceptions of schools as safe help deter violence. I also find that individuals who report being bullied are more likely to engage in subsequent violence. Additionally, while my additive models show that both family and school social capital are important deterrents of violence, the interaction effect between school social capital and perception of school safety suggest a complex relationship between individuals' perceptions of their schools and school resources. I find that school social capital does little to prevent violence when individuals perceive their schools as unsafe. This suggests that school resources in the form of social capital are not enough to deter violence, particularly when individuals reported feeling the least safe at school.
Bibliography Citation
Bixby Radu, Monica. "Do Perceptions of Unsafe Schools and Bullying Hinder the Effects of Family and School Social Capital in Deterring Violence?" Presented: Philadelphia PA, American Society of Criminology (ASC) Annual Meeting, November 2017.
2. Bixby Radu, Monica
Do Students' Perceptions of Unsafe Schools and Experiences With Bullying Hinder the Effects of Family and School Social Capital in Deterring Violence?
American Behavioral Scientist 62,11 (October 2018): 1505-1524.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0002764218787004
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Bullying/Victimization; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Family Environment; Parental Investments; School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; Social Capital

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Prior research establishes that capital investments from both families and schools are imperative for youths' socialization and development. Yet current research neglects to test if negative perceptions and negative experiences during adolescence may hinder the effectiveness of family and school capital on adolescent and young adult behavioral outcomes. Drawing from ecological systems theory and social capital theory, I examine the influence of youths' perceptions of schools’ safety, bully victimization, and family and school social capital predicting violence. I use data from multiple waves from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1997) (N = 4,130). I find that the bonds between youths and their families and youths and their schools are important agents of social control. However, my findings suggest that being the victim of bullying may influence the process through which bonds to conventional institutions help prevent problem behaviors. This suggests that a theoretical approach that considers investments in youths from multiple contexts and youths' experiences with victimization may be better suited for predicting adolescent and young adult violence.
Bibliography Citation
Bixby Radu, Monica. "Do Students' Perceptions of Unsafe Schools and Experiences With Bullying Hinder the Effects of Family and School Social Capital in Deterring Violence?" American Behavioral Scientist 62,11 (October 2018): 1505-1524.