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Author: Besharov, Douglas J.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Besharov, Douglas J.
Gardiner, Karen N.
Preventing Youthful Disconnectedness
Children and Youth Services Review 20,9-10 (November-December 1998): 797-818.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Disconnected Youth; Educational Attainment; Family Income; Fertility; Marital Status; Occupational Status; Psychological Effects; Sociability/Socialization/Social Interaction; Social Roles; Work History

Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this article examined the characteristics (and later life histories) of youths who, during the 1980s, were "disconnected" from mainstream society, that is, they were not enrolled in school, not gainfully employed, not in the military, and not married to someone who was "connected" in one of these ways. The study followed 4,000 youths from 1979, when they were 14, 15, and 16 years old, through 1991, when they were in their mid-to-late 20s. Results show that 1 in 3 youths was disconnected for at least half of a calendar year. As adults, youths who were disconnected for a short time (in only 1 or 2 years) did not differ substantially from those who were never disconnected in terms of educational attainment, work history, family income, reliance on government programs, and marital status. However, those who were disconnected in 3 or more years experienced significantly greater hardships. This article suggests that school-related interventions (such as career-oriented education, after-school "safe havens," and targeting individual deficits) might help prevent youthful disconnectedness. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)
Bibliography Citation
Besharov, Douglas J. and Karen N. Gardiner. "Preventing Youthful Disconnectedness." Children and Youth Services Review 20,9-10 (November-December 1998): 797-818.
2. Besharov, Douglas J.
Sullivan, Timothy Sean
Welfare Reform and Marriage
The Public Interest 125 (Fall 1996): 81-94.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: National Affairs
Keyword(s): Adolescent Fertility; Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC); Marriage; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

If divorced mothers frequently marry, what about unwed mothers, especially those who had their first babies as teenagers? We could find only one study on the subject, so we decided to explore this question ourselves using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). The NLSY began in 1979 as a national sample of 12,686 males and females, ages 14 to 22. The NLSY collects longitudinal data on both the fertility and marriage of young women and tracks enough unwed teenage mothers to allow for statistically reliable analyses of various social, economic, and demographic factors. Importantly, it contains a relatively recent cohort of unwed mothers.

We created a subsample of young women whose childbearing and marital histories we could follow: 2,783 women who were still participating in the survey in 1993 and who, at the time of the first interview in 1979, were under 20, had never been married, and had never given birth. Starting with 1979, we followed each of these women through subsequent surveys until they were 28 years old, between 1988 and 1993.

Bibliography Citation
Besharov, Douglas J. and Timothy Sean Sullivan. "Welfare Reform and Marriage." The Public Interest 125 (Fall 1996): 81-94.