Residence Status & Location

Residence Status & Location

 

Child

Child Residence Status

Created variables

CRESyyyy. USUAL RESIDENCE OF CHILD

A key variable (CRES) is constructed for each NLSY79 main Youth survey round that indicates the child's usual residence at the time of the mother's survey. From 1979-1981 and in 1983 the child's residence status is based on reports from the mother's household roster. In all other years, child residence information is derived from the child-specific questions on "with whom the child usually lives" in the Fertility section of the mother's main Youth questionnaire. The universe of children for the child residence variables includes all children reported by interviewed mothers in the survey year, regardless of age of child. Child residence variables, updated in each new data release to reflect the full universe of children born, are assigned to the CHILD BACKGROUND area of interest.

Child Residence Codes. For all years, a residence code of "1" indicates that the child lives in the mother's household. For the years 1979-1981 and 1983 in which only limited child and fertility information was collected from the mother, the child residence variables are based on information from the mother's household record and are coded as follows:

0 NOT IN HH OF MOTHER
1 IN HH OF MOTHER
8 DECEASED AT DATE OF INT

In 1982 and 1984 onward, the usual residence of the child is based on reports from the mother in the Fertility section of the main Youth questionnaire about where the child usually lives. In 1982 and 1984-1985, the following response categories were used:

1 IN HOUSEHOLD OF MOTHER
2 WITH FATHER
3 WITH OTHER RELATIVE(S)
4 WITH FOSTER CARE
5 WITH ADOPTIVE PARENT(S)
6 IN LONG TERM CARE INSTITUTION
7 AWAY AT SCHOOL
8 DECEASED
9 OTHER

In 1986, the coding categories were expanded to include:

9 PART TIME W/ MOTHER, PART TIME W/ FATHER
10 PART TIME W/ MOTHER, PART TIME W/ OTHER
11 OTHER

Starting with the 1998 main Youth survey round, a code of "12" was added to describe young adult children living in their own household. In 2008, the NLSY79 main Youth questionnaire categories were again expanded to better capture the usual residence of young adult children. The full range of categories for the constructed child residence variables now includes:

1 IN HOUSEHOLD OF MOTHER
2 WITH FATHER
3 WITH OTHER RELATIVE(S)
4 WITH FOSTER CARE
5 WITH ADOPTIVE PARENT(S)
6 IN LONG TERM CARE INSTITUTION
7 AWAY AT SCHOOL
8 DECEASED
9 PART TIME W/ MOTHER, PART TIME W/ FATHER
10 PART TIME W/ MOTHER, PART TIME W/ OTHER
11 OTHER
12 OWN INDEPENDENT RESIDENCE
13 PRISON
14 MILITARY
15 TEMPORARY LIVING ARRANGEMENT
16 WITH IN-LAWS
17 WITH PARTNERS FAMILY

Child Residence Location - Geographic

Since the child's residence is in the mother's household, information about the location of each child's residence, including region, urban/rural, and SMSA status must be obtained from the mother's main Youth record.  Geographic information more specific than that provided on the public file can be obtained from the NLSY79 main Youth Geocode for the children and from the NLSY79 Young Adult geocode for the young adults. Details on constructed variables that can be obtained from the mother's record and linked to the Child data can be found in this section of the users guide: Geographic Residence & Geocode Data.

Survey Instruments Child-specific questions are found in the Fertility section of the mother's main Youth questionnaire.
Area of Interest CHILD BACKGROUND

 

Young Adult

Created variables

RESTYPEyyyy. Type of Residence R Lives In, Constructed. This variable indicates whether the respondent is living in his/her own dwelling unit, living with a parent, etc. A year-specific variable is available for each survey year. Researchers interested in residence patterns are advised to use this variable.

Young Adult respondents provide information on their living arrangements, such as whether they are living with their mother, with both parents, on their own, or in some other arrangement. The questions used to establish residence are at the beginning of the Household Interview section. Because type of residence is sometimes miscoded in the field, researchers are encouraged to use the created RESTYPE(year) for the survey year(s) they are interested in. However, it is important for users to note that the type of residence as coded in the field will have driven branching within the questionnaire. The residence as coded in the interview can be found in question HH1-1-B in each survey year.

Young Adults under age 23 who do not live with their mother are asked when and why they left home for both the most recent and, if applicable, the first time. If the father is no longer living with the mother, these young adults are also asked about when they last lived with their father. Since 2000, questions have also been asked about movement into or out of the mother's household and about homelessness. All Young Adults not living with parents are asked the amount and type of contact they have with their parent(s).

If a Young Adult has become a parent, questions are asked about whether he or she is living with each child and whether the other parent of that child is also living in the same household as the Young Adult.

Comparison to Other NLS Cohorts: The NLSY79 and NLSY97 collect data in all survey rounds on the type of residence or dwelling unit at the time of the interview. The NLSY79 has data on childhood living arrangements of respondents from birth to age 18, including not only information on persons with whom the respondent lived (such as biological versus adoptive and step-parents) but also on institutions such as children's homes, group care homes, or detention centers/jails/prisons in which he or she may have resided. Child residence data for all biological children are also collected in each survey round of the NLSY79. Some residential data for the Original Cohort respondents are available as well.

 

Survey Instruments Residence questions are found in the Young Adult Instrument, Section 1, Household Interview; Section 2, Family Background; and Section 12, Fertility.
Area of Interest YA Common Key Variables
YA Family Background
YA Household Record
YA Birth Record (year)
YA Fertility and Relationship Data - Cleaned