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Title: Essays on Marriage and Labor Markets
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Binder, Ariel J.
Essays on Marriage and Labor Markets
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Michigan, 2020
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Employment; Labor Market Demographics; Marriage; Modeling, Structural Equation

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation explores relationships between American marriage and labor markets. It reveals new channels through which changing marriage-and-family arrangements have affected the evolution of labor market behaviors across gender and education subgroups. Its results help define the current landscape of labor and marriage inequality in the United States, and inform current debates over policies to promote job and family security.

The first chapter presents a model in which young men find employment to enhance their value as marriage partners. When the effect of employment on marital value declines, young men's employment declines as well, in preparation for a less favorable marriage market. Taking this prediction to U.S. data, I estimate that fewer young men sought employment after 2 interventions that reduced the value of gender-role-specialization within marriage: i) the adoption of unilateral divorce legislation, and ii) demand-driven improvements in women's employment opportunities. I then use a structural estimation of the model to investigate interaction between the marriage market and male labor market shocks. Simulations find that the indirect effect of a negative shock to wages on young men's employment, operating through the marriage market, is nearly as large as the direct effect that operates purely through the labor market. These findings highlight the changing marriage market as an important driver of secular decline in young men's labor market involvement.

Bibliography Citation
Binder, Ariel J. Essays on Marriage and Labor Markets. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Michigan, 2020.