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Title: Essays in Health Economics
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Munnich, Elizabeth L.
Essays in Health Economics
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 2013
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Achievement; Births, Repeat / Spacing; Modeling, Instrumental Variables; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Siblings

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The final chapter investigates the effect of the age difference between siblings (spacing) on educational achievement. Because spacing may be endogenous, we use an instrumental variables strategy that exploits variation in spacing driven by miscarriages. The results indicate that a one-year increase in spacing increases test scores for older siblings by about 0.17 standard deviations. These results are larger than ordinary least squares estimates, suggesting that failing to account for the endogeneity of spacing may understate its benefits. For younger siblings, we find no causal impact of spacing on test scores.
Bibliography Citation
Munnich, Elizabeth L. Essays in Health Economics. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 2013.