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Title: Black Youth Nonemployment: Duration and Job Search
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Holzer, Harry J.
Black Youth Nonemployment: Duration and Job Search
Presented: Cambridge, MA, Conference on Inner City Black Youth Unemployment, August1983
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Author
Keyword(s): Inner-City; Racial Differences; Self-Reporting; Unemployment, Youth; Wages; Wages, Reservation

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study analyzes lengthy durations of nonemployment spells that are observed for young black males relative to those of young white males, and focuses particularly on reservation wages as determinants of duration. Self- reported reservation wages are compared for blacks and whites before and after controlling for various indicators of labor demand such as received wages, weeks worked, and the personal characteristics which determine them. The effects of these reservation wages on duration of nonemployment spells and on subsequent wages are also analyzed. Finally, some evidence on the determinants of reported reservation wages for blacks and whites is presented as well. The data used in the analysis are taken from the NLSY and the National Bureau of Economic Research Survey of Inner-City Black Youth. Reported reservation wages of young blacks for the job which they are seeking, as well as the jobs themselves, are fairly comparable to those of young whites. But after controlling for labor market characteristics of individuals such as received wages and weeks worked, the reservation wages of blacks appear to be high. The jobs which are sought also appear to be more unrealistic for blacks than for whites relative to those which are ultimately obtained. Reservation wages for specific, low-wage jobs are generally lower for blacks than for whites, and they appear to be more comparable only after controlling for weeks worked. An overall picture emerges in which young blacks seek and aspire to jobs and wages which are comparable to those of young whites, but less realistic for the blacks. Whites with higher reservation wages are more likely to actually obtain higher wages while their black counterparts are relatively more likely to gain longer spells of nonemployment.
Bibliography Citation
Holzer, Harry J. "Black Youth Nonemployment: Duration and Job Search." Presented: Cambridge, MA, Conference on Inner City Black Youth Unemployment, August1983.