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Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Houle, Brian
The Effect of Incarceration on Adult Male BMI Trajectories, USA, 1981–2006
Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 1,1 (March 2014): 21-28.
Also: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40615-013-0003-1
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Education; Incarceration/Jail; Life Course; Modeling, Growth Curve/Latent Trajectory Analysis; Obesity; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The prevalence of obesity and overweight is socially patterned, with higher prevalence among women, racial/ethnic minorities, and those with lower socioeconomic status. Contextual factors also affect obesity risk. However, an omitted factor has been incarceration, particularly since it disproportionately affects minorities. This study examines the effects of incarceration on adult male body mass index (BMI) in the USA over the life course, and whether effects vary by race/ethnicity and education. BMI trajectories were analyzed over age using growth curve models of men ages 18–49 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth panel study. BMI was based on self-reported height/weight (kg/m2). Being currently incarcerated increased BMI, but the effect varied by race/ethnicity and education: Blacks experienced the largest increases, while effects were lowered for men with more education than a high school diploma. Cumulative exposure to prison increased BMI for all groups. These results suggest a differential effect of incarceration on adult male BMI among some racial/ethnic–education minority groups. Particularly, given that these groups are most commonly imprisoned, incarceration may help structure obesity disparities and disadvantage across the life course.
Bibliography Citation
Houle, Brian. "The Effect of Incarceration on Adult Male BMI Trajectories, USA, 1981–2006." Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 1,1 (March 2014): 21-28.