Appendix 9: Family Process and Adolescent Outcome Measures

National Longitudinal Survey of Youth - 1997 Cohort

Appendix 9: Family Process and Adolescent Outcome Measures

This appendix, which describes a number of variables created by Child Trends. Inc., is provided as a separate PDF file: Appendix 9. The variables discussed in the Appendix are as follows:

Question Name Variable Title
Round 1
FP_YMFRELAT Residential Mom Supportive of Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YFMRELAT Residential Dad Supportive of Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_PPRELAT Residential Parent Supports Spouse/Partner, Parent Report
FP_YMSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_YFSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YNRMSUPP Youth Relationship with Non-Residential Biological Mom, Youth Report
FP_YNRFSUPP Youth Relationship with Non-Residential Biological Dad, Youth Report
FP_YHROUTIN Index of Family Routines, Youth Report
FP_YMMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Mother, Youth Report
FP_YFMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Father, Youth Report
FP_YNRMMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Non-Residential Mother, Youth Report
FP_YNRFMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Non-Residential Father, Youth Report
FP_YHLIMITS Autonomy, Control and Limit Setting, Youth Report
FP_PHLIMITS Autonomy, Control, and Limit Setting, Parent Report
FP_YHBROKED Limit-Breaking, Youth Report
FP_PHBROKED Limit-Breaking, Parent Report
FP_YMPSTYL Residential Mother's Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YFPSTYL Residential Father's Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRMPSTYL Non-Residential Mother's Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRFPSTYL Non-Residential Father's Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_PPRELIG Parent's Religiosity, Parent Report
FP_ADHRISKI Family/Home Risk Index
FP_ADPENVRI Physical Environment Risk Index
FP_ADENRCHI Enriching Environment Risk Index
FP_YYFBEHS Girls Behavioral/Emotional Problems Scale, Youth Report
FP_YYMBEHS Boys Behavioral/Emotional Problems Scale, Youth Report
FP_PYFBEHS Girls Behavioral/Emotional Problems Scale, Parent Report
FP_PYMBEHS Boys Behavioral/Emotional Scale, Parent Report
FP_YYCRIMI Delinquency Score Index
FP_YYSUBSI Substance Use Index
Round 2
FP_YMFRELAT Residential Mom Supportive of Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YFMRELAT Residential Dad Supportive of Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_YMSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_YFSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YHROUTIN Index of Family Routines, Youth Report
FP_YMMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Mother, Youth Report
FP_YFMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Father, Youth Report
FP_YHLIMITS Autonomy, Control, and Limit Setting, Youth Report
FP_YHBROKED Limit-Breaking, Youth Report
FP_YMPSTYL Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YFPSTYL Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRMPSTYL Non-Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRFPSTYL Non-Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YYCRIMI Delinquency Score Index
FP_YYSUBSI Substance Use Index
FP_YYCRIMI_DLI Delinquency Score Index (DLI)
FP_YYSUBSI_DLI Substance Use Index (DLI)
Round 3
FP_YMFRELAT Residential Mom Supportive of Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YFMRELAT Residential Dad Supportive of Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_YMSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Mom, Youth Report
FP_YFSUPP Youth Relationship with Residential Dad, Youth Report
FP_YHROUTIN Index of Family Routines, Youth Report
FP_YMMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Mother, Youth Report
FP_YFMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring by Residential Father, Youth Report
FP_YHLIMITS Autonomy, Control, and Limit Setting, Youth Report
FP_YHBROKED Limit-Breaking, Youth Report
FP_YMPSTYL Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YFPSTYL Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRMPSTYL Non-Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRFPSTYL Non-Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YYCRIMI_DLI Delinquency Score Index (DLI)
FP_YYSUBSI_DLI Substance Use Index (DLI)
Round 4  
FP_YHROUTIN Index of Family Routines, Youth Report
FP_YMMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring By Residential Mother, Youth Report
FP_YFMONIT Degree of Parental Monitoring By Residential Father, Youth Report
FP_YMPSTYL Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YFPSTYL Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRMPSTYL Non-Residential Mothers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YNRFPSTYL Non-Residential Fathers Parenting Style, Youth Report
FP_YYCRIMI_DLI Deliquency Score Index (DLI)
FP_YYSUBSI_DLI Substance Use Index (DLI)
FP_YMNTHLTH Youth Mental Health Scale
FP_SEXEVER R4: Youth Ever Had Sex
FP_SEXAGE Age at First Sex
FP_SEXYEAR Year of First Sex

Documentation on Mental Health Scale

As the mental health scale was not included in round 1, a description of the variable FP_YMNTHLTH was not provided in Appendix 9. Documentation is provided below.

Items and Response Categories:

  1. How much of the time during the last month have you been a very nervous person? R48677. [YSAQ-282C]

  2. How much of the time during the last month have you felt calm and peaceful? (reverse-coded) R48678. [YSAQ-282D]

  3. How much of the time during the last month have you felt downhearted and blue? R48679. [YSAQ-282E]

  4. How much of the time during the last month have you been a happy person? (reverse-coded) R48680. [YSAQ-282F]

  5. How much of the time during the last month have you felt so down in the dumps that nothing could cheer you up? R48681. [YSAQ-282G]

The responses were measured on a 4-point scale:

All of the time Most of the time Some of the time None of the time
1 2 3 4

Scale Creation. The responses to the five items were summed: scores could range from 5 to 20 points. Higher scores indicate more positive mental health, and lower scores indicate more emotional problems.

Variable Name. YMNTHLTH.

Age of Youth. All age group (cohort age: 12 to 16; age at Round 4 survey date: 15 to 21)

Frequencies:

Score Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
5 7 0.09 7 0.09
6 12 0.15 19 0.24
7 25 0.31 44 0.55
8 58 0.72 102 1.27
9 85 1.06 187 2.33
10 193 2.41 380 4.74
11 266 3.32 646 8.05
12 437 5.45 1083 13.5
12.5 1 0.01 1084 13.51
13 693 8.64 1777 22.15
14 874 10.89 2651 33.04
15 1095 13.65 3746 46.69
16 1469 18.31 5215 65
16.3 1 0.01 5216 65.01
17 1290 16.08 6506 81.09
17.5 1 0.01 6507 81.1
18 876 10.92 7383 92.02
19 388 4.84 7771 96.86
20 252 3.14 8023 100

Considerable variation can be noted, though most youth report fairly positive mental health.

Data Quality:

A score on the Mental Health Scale was obtained for respondents who answered at least four of the five items. Respondents who answered only four of the five questions were assigned a weighted score based on the 20-point scale (i.e., raw score*(5/5-missing)). Respondents who answered fewer than four items were coded as missing.

 

Measure N N missing Min Max Mean SD
   Mental Health Scale -
   Youth Report
8023 961 5 20 15.32 2.55

Internal Consistency/Reliability:

Cronbach's alpha for these scales are considered good in terms of consistency/reliability. Internal consistency as measured by Cronbach's alpha indicates that the items hang together well in a given administration. Cronbach's alpha is the preferred measure of internal consistency/reliability (Carmine & Zeller, 1985).

Measure
Alpha
Mental Health Scale-Youth Report 0.77

Reference

Carmine, E.G., & Zeller, R.A. (1985). Reliability and validity assessment. In J.L. Sullivan(Ed.), Quantitative applications in the social sciences. Sage: Beverly Hills, CA.