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Title: Gender Differences in Mathematical Trajectories
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Leahey, Erin
Guo, Guang
Gender Differences in Mathematical Trajectories
Social Forces 80,2 (December 2001): 713-732.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Children, Academic Development; Children, School-Age; Cognitive Ability; Elementary School Students; Gender Differences; High School Students; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Marital Status; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In this article we test the hypothesis that male students outperform female students in mathematics. Using large national data sets and curvilinear growth models, we examine gender differences in mathematical trajectories from elementary school through high school. We analyze subsamples of high-scoring students and also different areas of math, such as reasoning and geometry. Despite relatively equal starting points in elementary school, and relatively equal slopes, we find that boys have a faster rate of acceleration. By the 12th grade, this results in a slight gender difference, which is most pronounced in geometry. Realizing this slight and delayed emergence of gender differences, we qualify the strong conclusions of earlier research, such as Benbow and Stanley's (1980, 1983), which found that large gender differences emerge by junior high school.
Bibliography Citation
Leahey, Erin and Guang Guo. "Gender Differences in Mathematical Trajectories." Social Forces 80,2 (December 2001): 713-732.